Job (Tyvonyuk) of Chelyabinsk
His Eminence the Metropolitan Job of Chelyabinsk (1938–2020) was the ruling hierarch of the Eparchy of Chelyabinsk in the Urals for the Church of Russia from 1996 to 2011.
In the world Dmitriy Yakovlevich Tyvonyuk, His Eminence was born on November 6, 1938 in Pochaev, Kremenets, present-day Ukraine, into a peasant family. After completing his school education, Dmitriy went to the Pochaev Lavra of the Dormition of the Theotokos to serve as a novice. He was also sent to the Monastery of the Holy Trinity in Balta, Odessa (southwestern Ukraine) for one year.
In 1957, when he was nineteen years old, Dmitriy joined the Kiev Theological Seminary. His studies were interrupted in the following year, when the Soviet Armed Forces summoned him to serve. After demobilization, he continued his studies at the Odessa Theological Seminary, from which he graduated in 1965 and entered the Moscow Theological Academy.
In 1967, he entered the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra in Moscow. On June 20, 1968, when he was twenty-nine years old, Dmitriy was tonsured into holy monasticism under the name Job, having Saint Job of Pochaev as his patron saint. On July 18 of the same year he was ordained deacon by the future Patriarch Pimen (1971–1990), when the former was Metropolitan of Krutitsk and Kolomna (1963–1971).
In 1969, Hierodeacon Job graduated from the Moscow Theological Academy with a PhD in Theology. On June 1 of the same year he was ordained into holy priesthood by Metropolitan Pimen and appointed rector of the Resurrection Church in Chita, Zabaykalsky (near northeastern Mongolia). In the following year, Job went again to the Moscow Theological Academy as a postgraduate candidate in Theology, being post-graduated in 1973.
When Metropolitan Pimen was elected Patriarch in 1971, he appointed Job as assistant and then head of the chancellery of the Department for External Church Relations. In 1974, when Hieromonk Job was thirty-five years old, he was elevated to the rank of hegumen, and on December 26 of the same year, archimandrite.
On January 3, 1975, Archmandrite Job was consecrated Bishop of Zaraysk in Moscow by Patriarch Pimen at the Epiphany Patriarchal Cathedral. Present in consecration were metropolitans Filaret (Denisenko) of Kiev (1968–1992) and Juvenaly (Poyarkov) of Tula (1971–1977), archbishops Pitirim (Nechayev) of Volokolamsk (1963–2003) and Vladimir (Sabodan) of Dmitrovsk (1973–1982), and bishops Serapion (Faleev) of Podolsk (1972–1975) and Chrysostom (Martishkin) of Kirsk (1974–1984).
Bishop Job served as vicar to the Eparchy of Moscow, entrusted with the administration of the Patriarchal parishes in North America, mainly in Canada, for one year.[note 1] On July 19, 1976, he was appointed deputy chairman of the Department for External Church Relations. In 1977, he was included in the second degree of the Order of Saint Vladimir. On March 12, 1979, Job also earned the Order of Saint Sergius. From June 5 to June 9, he headed the pilgrimage group of the Russian Church on a trip to the Holy Land.
On December 23 of the following year he was included in the commission of the Holy Synod for the preparation of the celebration of the 1000th anniversary of the Baptism of Rus'. On March 23, 1981, Job he was appointed head of the delegation of the Moscow Patriarchate when visiting Belgrade in Serbia.
Archbishop and Metropolitan
On April 12, 1982, Vladyka Job was elevated to the rank of Archbishop of Zaraysk by Patriarch Pimen. On November 30, 1988, after the 1000th anniversary of the Baptism of Rus', by the decision of the Holy Synod, he was appointed Archbishop of Kostroma in Russia. On September 13, 1989, with the excommunication of Bishop John of Zhytomyr, Archbishop Job was transferred to the Eparchy of Zhytomyr in Ukraine with the dismissal of the DECR. This happened because in the following year the newly-elected Patriarch Alexei II (1990–2008) would handle the Tomos of Self-Governance to Metropolitan Filaret of the Church of Ukraine.
In 1991, the declaration of independence of the Ukrainian nation motivated a Synod within the Church of Ukraine to discuss its autocephaly, which was passed. Archbishop Job took part in the discussion of the issue, initiating the meeting of hierarchs, clergy, monastics, representatives and laymen of the Church of Ukraine who, on April 30, 1992, demanded the immediate resignation of Filaret. Vladyka Job was a member of the Council of Kharkov, which elected Vladimir (Sabodan) of Rostov to the see of Kiev.
On October 5, 1994, Archbishop Job was elected the founding Archbishop of Odintsovo in Moscow. He acted again as vicar of the eparchy, being regarded as the founder of the Patriarchal Publishing House, of which he acted as director from 1994 to 1995. On December 27, 1996, when he was fifty-eight years old, Vladyka Job was transferred to the Eparchy of Chelyabinsk in the Urals (near Kazakhstan).
Thanks to Archbishop Job’s efforts, during his 14-year period of service in Chelyabinsk, the number of parishes increased from 59 to 263. In 2006, a new building of the diocesan administration was build instead of the previous one-story one. Temples were built and consecrated in honor of Saint Seraphim of Sarov in Zlatoust, the Annunciation of the Most Holy Theotokos in Miass, the Transfiguration of the Lord in Chebarkul, the Epiphany in Yetkul, Saint George the Trophy-bearer in the metallurgical region… Also, the historical temples that survived the atheist era were restored. In 2010, the Church of Saint George in Bespalovka, closed in the 1930s, was reconsecrated.
On February 25, 2000, Archbishop Job was elevated to the rank of Metropolitan. On March 22, 2011, when he was seventy-two years old, by the decision of the Holy Synod he was retired for health reasons. The Holy Synod expressed with heartfelt gratitude to him for the many years of archpastoral work and the determination of his place of residence in Moscow. He served as honorary rector of the Church of the Deposition of the Robe on Donskaya Street in Moscow.
Metropolitan Job reposed in the Lord on December 1, 2020, at the age of eighty-three, from complications caused by the Great Pandemic of 2020.
- The ROCOR would only recognize the Moscow Patriarchate in 2006. Until then, the two acted as different ecclesiastical bodies in North America. Bishop Job managed the churches belonging to the Patriarchate.
Job (Tyvonyuk) of Chelyabinsk
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