Manuel I Charitopoulos of Constantinople

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His All Holiness Manuel I Charitopoulos of Constantinople, (Greek: Μανουήλ Α΄ Χαριτόπουλος) was the Patriarch of Constantinople from 1216 to 1222. He also was surnamed Sarantenos (Greek: Σαραντηνός). During his reign he resided in Nicea as Patriarch-in-exile because his seat in Constantinople was occupied by a Latin Patriarch of Constantinople.


Little is known of the early life of Patr. Manuel. Before Constantinople fell to the Latins in 1204 during the Fourth Crusade, Manuel was a deacon and maistor ton philosophon (master of the rhetors) in Constantinople, which is likely the source of his epithet "the Philosopher" by which he apparently was known by the people [1].

After Constantinople fell to the Latins in 1204, the cathedra-in-exile for Manuel, as Patriarch of Constantinople, was in Nicea. It was during Manuel's patriarchate in Nicea that St. Sava persuaded Patr. Manuel to establish the independence of the Church of Serbia. This, he did by consecrating Sava as the first archbishop of Serbia on December 6, 1219, and thus established the autocephalous Orthodox Church of Serbia.

Succession box:
Manuel I Charitopoulos of Constantinople
Preceded by:
Maximus II
Patriarch of Constantinople
Succeeded by:
Germanus II
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  1. George Akropolites (Ruth Macrides, ed). The History. Oxford: University Press, 2007. pp. 159-160.