Apollinarianism is a fourth-century Christological heresy. Named after Apollinarius of Laodoecia, its main author, Apollinarianism teaches that Jesus Christ had a human body and a human soul but no human rational mind (nous), because the Divine Logos had taken its place. Apollinarianism was condemned at the Second Ecumenical Council together with Macedonianism and other Christological and Trinitarian heresies. Adherents of Nestorianism sometimes accused Orthodox and monophysite theologians of Apollinarianism.
- Talberg, D. N., История Христианской Церкви (A History of the Christian Church), Moscow, Russia: St Tikhon's Orthodox Theological Institute.