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John Chrysostom

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[[Image:John Chrysostom enthroned.jpg|right|thumb|250px|St. John Chrysostom enthroned]]
Our father among the saints '''John Chrysostom''' (347-407), [[Archbishop]] of Constantinople, was a notable Christian [[bishop]] and preacher from the fourth and fifth centuries in Syria and Constantinople. He is famous for his eloquence in public speaking, his [[philanthropy]], his denunciation of abuse of authority in the Church and in the [[Roman Empire]] of the time, and for a [[Divine Liturgy]] attributed to him. He had notable [[asceticism|ascetic]] sensibilities. After his death he was named '''Chrysostom''', which comes from the Greek Χρυσόστομος, "golden-mouthed." The [[Orthodox Church]] honors him as a [[saint]] ([[feast day]], [[November 13]]) and counts him among the [[Three Holy Hierarchs]] (feast day, [[January 30]]), together with Saints [[Basil the Great]] and [[Gregory the Theologian]]. Another feast day associated with him is [[January 27]], which commemorates the event in 437, thirty years after the saint's repose, when his [[relics]] were brought back to Constantinople from the place of his death.
John Chrysostom is also recognized by the [[Roman Catholic Church]], which considers him a saint and Doctor of the Church, and by the Church of England, both of whom commemorate him on [[September 13]]. His relics were stolen from Constantinople by crusaders in 1204 and brought to Rome, but were returned on [[November 27]], 2004, by [[Pope]] [[John Paul II]].
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