'''Grigol Peradze ''' (''St. Priest Martyr Grigol''), ([[ September 13]] , 1899 - [[ December 6]] , 1942) was a famous Georgian ecclesiastic figure, [[ theologian]], historian, [[ Archimandrite]] , PhD of History , Professor.
== Life ==Grigol Peradze was born in the village of Bakurtsikhe, in the Gurjaani district of the Kakheti region, in Eastern Georgia. His father , Romanoz Peradze , was a priest.
1918 Peradze graduated from the [[ Tbilisi Theological Seminary]] , and afterwards studied at the Tbilisi State University until 1921.
On [[February 25]], 1921, Georgia was occupied by Soviet Russia. Grigol Peradze went into exile in Germany in November the same year.
In 1926 he graduated from the University of Bonn in Germany. In 1927 he received a PhD degree in History (the title of his PhD thesis was "''History of the Georgian Monasticism from its creation until 1064'' ").
From 1927 to 1932 Peradze was an Associate Professor at the University of Bonn. From 1933 to 1942 he was a Professor of Patrology at the Faculty of Orthodox Theology of Warsaw University]], in Poland.
In 1931, Grigol Peradze was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[priest]] in the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of London. In 1934, he received the rank of Archimandrite. In 1931, he founded a Georgian St. Nino Georgian Orthodox church in Paris. In the same year he began to publish a Georgian scientific journal titled "''Jvari Vazisa''" ("Cross of Vine").
In the 1930s, Peradze discovered numerous important written manuscripts of Georgian Christian culture in Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Germany, and Austria (Georgian manuscripts of the Typicon of the Georgian [[ Petritsoni Monastery]] (Bachkovo, Bulgaria), the so-called Tischendorf manuscripts of the Apagae of the Monastery of the Holy Cross at the University Library in the University of Leipzig, Germany, etc.).
The invasion of Poland by German troops in 1939 made Peradze 's position precarious. For him being in solidarity with Jews in peril went without saying; and he helped wherever he could. Nor did he hesitate to visit the imprisoned Polish Metropolitan Dionysios. These activities were viewed with growing suspicion by the Nazi occupiers and Peradze's fruitful ecclesiastic and scientific activities were brought to an end in 1942 when, on [[ May 4]] , he was arrested by the German Gestapo. <ref>[http://www.geocities.com/sisauri/language/geo/feradze.html Lukas Vischer: A Georgian Saint: Grigol Peradze (1899-1942)]</ref> On [[December 6]], 1942, Grigol Peradze was killed in the Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz instead of a Jewish man who had a large family.
Main fields of scientific activity of Grigol Peradze were: the history of the [[Church of Georgia|Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church]], source studies of the history of Georgia and the Georgian Church, Patrology, history of Georgian literature, Rustvelology (Shota Rustaveli was a great Georgian poet of the 12th century), etc.
was canonized by the Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church in 1995. The Feast Day for St. Priest Martyr Grigol is December 6.
== Some main scientific works of Grigol Peradze ==
* Die Anfänge des Mönchtums in Georgien.- "Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte", 47, Heft 1, Stuttgart, 1928, pp. 34-75 (in German)
* L'activité littéraire des moines géorgiens au monastère d'Iviron au mont Athos.- "Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique", 27, Fasc. 3, Paris, 1927, pp. 530-539 (in French)
* Im Dienste der Georgischen Kultur.- "Aus der Welt des Ostens", Königsberg, 1940, pp. 30-50 (in German)
Notes and references== <references/ >
== Literature about Grigol Peradze ==
* [http://www.geocities.com/sisauri/language/geo/feradze.html Lukas Vischer: A Georgian Saint: Grigol Peradze (1899-1942)]
* [http://www.kosciol.pl/article.php/20041230232911240/print Świadkowie XX wieku - Grzegorz Peradze (in Polish)]
* [http://www.pravoslavie.ru/cgi-bin/sykon/client/display.pl?sid=381&did=1601 Sviaschennomuchenik Arkhimandrit Grigorii (Peradze) (in Russian)]
* Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grigol_Peradze