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Ordination

759 bytes added, 23:52, August 5, 2005
rem. sections on ranks (which are in their respective articles), expanded intro
{{spirituality}}
'''Ordination''' is a the [[Holy Mysteries|sacrament]] (or one of the [[holy mysteries]]) of [[holy orders]]. The Greek word used for ordination is "''cheirotonia"'', which means "the laying on of hands.". Members of a the [[Major major orders|major order]]β€”—[[bishop]], [[priest]], and [[deacon]] and a [[subdeacon]], which is of the [[minor order]]β€”are —are ordained during a the [[Divine Liturgy]] by a the bishop, who is usually assisted by several priests. According to Orthodox teaching, the process of ordination begins with the local [[congregation]]; but the bishop alone, who acts in the name of the universal Church, can complete the action.
== Subdiaconate ==Subdeacons Those who are ordained during placed into the Divine Liturgy immediately before [[minor orders]] ([[subdeacon]], [[reader]], and in some traditions, [[cantor]]) are done so by ''cheirothesia'', which also means "Blessed is the Kingdomlaying on of hands,"but has come to be a technically distinct term from ''cheirotonia'', once which is used only for the Great Censing has been completedmajor orders. According to the canons''DEC'', no one should marry after becoming a subdeacon because they're ordained, but that's done often, anywaycheirothesia'' is not regarded as part of the [[Holy Mystery]] of ordination (p. 117).
== Diaconate ==''Cheirotonia'' and ''cheirothesia'' formerly were used almost interchangeably, but came to acquire distinct meanings. Bishops are also referred to as being "consecrated" rather than "ordained," but such a distinction was not present in the early Church (''ODCC'', p. 1189)
'''Ranks'''
----==[[Minor orders]]===[[Cantor]]===
Monastic: *Hierodeacon*Protodeacon===[[Reader]]===
Married: === [[Subdeacon|Subdiaconate]] ===*Deacon*ArchdeaconSubdeacons are ordained during the Divine Liturgy immediately before "Blessed is the Kingdom", once the Great Censing has been completed. According to the canons, no one should marry after becoming a subdeacon, but the practice has almost universally changed to allow subdeacons to marry after being made subdeacons.
== Priesthood [[Major orders]]===== [[Deacon|Diaconate]] ===
=== [[Priest]]hood ===
During the service of ordination to the priesthood, a priest leads the candidate, then kneels and rests his head on the altar. The bishop puts his stole and right hand over the candidate's head as the candidate receives the [[Holy Spirit]]. The entire congregation witnesses the ordination and proclaims its consent by shouting in unison "Axios!" (Greek word meaning 'worthy'). The bishop bestows sacred [[vestments]] on the new priest, who receives [[Eucharist|communion]] and recites a special [[prayer]]. Through ordination, men who have been chosen from within the Church are set apart by the Church for special service to the Church. Much of the time, a candidate for ordination will pursue preparatory studies at a [[seminaries|seminary]].
'''Ranks''' ----Monastic: *Hieromonk*Igumen (abbot)*Archimandrite Married:*Presbyter*Archpriest*Protopresbyter == = [[Bishop|Episcopacy ]] ===
Candidates for the episcopacy are consecrated by three bishops (or at the very least two) to be bishops. A bishop's non-liturgical [[vestments]] include the [[kamilavka]] and [[epanokameloukion]] (veil) (which are joined together as the [[klobuk]] in the Russian tradition), along with the [[mantiya]], all of which are [[monastic]] garments.
==See also==
*[[Minor orders]]
 
==References==
*''Blackwell Dictionary of Eastern Christianity (DEC)'', p. 117
*''Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (ODCC), 3rd ed.'', pp. 1188-89
== External Links ==
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