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'''''Heterodoxy''''', as opposed to Orthodoxy, is the belief in something other (''
heteros'') than the Orthodox Christian faith. In some senses, it is synonymous with ''[[heresy]]'' in that it is a departure from Orthodoxy, but it is distinct in that ''heresy'' by definition technically includes a specific choice to embrace and teach heterodox [[doctrine]], usually accompanied by a formal [[anathema]] (condemnation) from a [[synod]].
In the Roman Catholic tradition, heterodoxy is simply teaching which is considered questionable but not truly against the church. The Roman Catholics consider the Orthodox to be heterodox.