Talk:Church of Romania
I'm a convert in the Church of Romania and am pretty fluent in Romanian, having worked there for some considerable time. I have never heard the Orthodox faith referred to as 'Dreapta credinta' and the only time I've ever seen 'Dreptcredincios' used is as a title for a saint - i.e. 'Dreptcredinciosul Voievod Stefan cel Mare si Sfant' (The Right-Beleiving Voievod - sort of like Prince, but no real translation - Stephen the Great and Holy). Usually, contrary to what is stated in this article, the faith is known as 'Ortodoxie' or 'Crestinism Ortodox' and the Orthodox faithful are known as Ortodox(a) pl. Ortodocsi. I'd cheerfully correct this (I've corrected the odd word of Romanian already where there were problems) but I don't want to step on anyone's toes. If whoever originally wrote the article thinks my comments are incorrect, I'd appreciate it if you'd give me some justification for what I see as problems - perhaps this is normal language in some regions of Romania, but it certainly isn't in Moldova and Bucovina, in my experience.
- Well, the Romanian Orthodox Church is a bit strange in that it uses several words for the same thing. So sometimes it keeps the greek/slavonic word, sometimes it translates it (see the use of both 'slava' and 'marire' for glory). Referring to Orthodoxy as "dreapta credinta" is not very common, unless it's in some context - thus, in a sermon the priest may urge the faithful to uphold "dreapta credinta." The only other context where I know of the translation is in the service itself: at the Great Entrance, when the priest says "May the Lord remember you, orthodox Christians..." he says "dreptmaritorilor crestini." It's similar at the end of Vespers. Otherwise, you're right - the faith itself is known as 'ortodoxie.' I hope this helps. Virgil
- This article as it now stands is largely taken from Wikipedia:Romanian Orthodox Church. I'm the one who imported it the way that it is, and I don't know either way regarding the issue you raise. You'd know better than I and are free to edit the article according to your knowledge. Please feel free to register for an account and help us out! --Rdr. Andrew 10:06, 10 Mar 2005 (CST)
- Thanks Virgil and Rdr Andrew. I've now signed up for an account. What I'd most like to contribute to the site are articles on Romanian saints, monasteries etc. Ethnically, I'm German/Czech by way of Britain but I feel more like an adopted Romanian nowadays, having married into a Romanian family and as I find that there appears to be very little on the web about Romanian saints, traditions etc. when compared to Greek or Russian, I think this would be a worthwhile thing to do. I agree with you, Virgil, regarding the use of dreapta credinta etc. - it simply didn't register with me that way because you could just as easily write 'True Faith' or 'True Christians' in English without it referring to Orthodoxy. Romanian is a second language for me after all. I think maybe the wording of the article should be changed to something along the lines of 'also sometimes called...' rather than 'usually called...'. What do you think? --James
- Your suggestions for contribution sound excellent—the Church of Romania is, after all, the 2nd largest Orthodox Church in the world, and I fear many English-speakers know very little about it. (I honestly wish that there were more of a Romanian ecclesiastical presence in the West.) --Rdr. Andrew 08:43, 11 Mar 2005 (CST)
- It seems to me that "May the Lord remember you, orthodox Christians..." is not referring to the Orthodox faith as such. I mean this: that at the time it was written, I don't imagine that Orthodox was the primary designation for the Church (that was more an adjective, no? and something like "The One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church" would have been more of a formal descriptor?). Sure, it does refer to Orthodox Christians, and, sure, it is a statement against heresy, but it seems to me like the best way of translating this would simply be "right-believing Christians" rather than 'Orthodox' with a big 'O'. All of this is to say that I'm not sure it's a great guide to the self-designations of the Romanian Orthodox Church, or at least there are some issues to work out there. What do you think? Fr. John
I removed the link to the Tertullian treatise, mainly because it doesn't seem to have any reference to Dacia in it. Am I missing something? --Rdr. Andrew 12:45, 17 Mar 2005 (CST)
- I don't think you missed anything. I didn't read the article so I'd missed it but I turned up nothing at all searching for Dacia, Geat or Get or any other Romanian tribal name variant I can think of that was used in antiquity. Even the references to Scythians (Scythia Minor was modern Dobrugea and there were Scythian tribes in North Eastern Moldova) seem to be irrelevant - merely using them as examples of heathen barbarians. I think you were right to remove the link. James 02:58, 18 Mar 2005 (CST)
Romanian saints, monasteries etc.
This is really just a question on style, but these sections are growing larger and, if I can do so, I will expand the contents a lot in the future. Should the titles, then, be made into links to the appropriate categories, or should I leave them as they are? If they're left as they are, should I add a link to, for example, every saint I add (which, hopefully, will be an awful lot) or just leave a few as examples? I will follow any advice given. I know enough about at least 6 or 7 monasteries (and a few churches and cathedrals) to write at least a short article on them and have access to the lives of at least a couple of hundred Romanian saints, so if I carry on the way I have been the lists are likely to get umanageable. On the issue of saints, monasteries and the like, I'm in the process of trying to get permission to use images from web sites to illustrate them, particularly icons. Assuming I'm given permission, I will add them as soon as possible. James 07:17, 21 Mar 2005 (CST)
- I think if there are just a couple dozen or so links in a list, then keeping it in this article would probably work fine. If, however, you put in all 200 saints' lives(!) you have, it would probably be better to create a separate article with that list, and include only a "greatest hits" section in this article with a link to that big list (perhaps List of Romanian saints). --Rdr. Andrew 08:52, 21 Mar 2005 (CST)
- OK, that seems reasonable. Obviously it will take me some time (probably years!) to get anywhere near the 200 saint mark, but I thought I'd best find out what to do ahead of time. I'll be very happy if I do manage to get even half of the saints I know about into OrthodoxWiki.James
Re: The Church in Moldova
I'm not sure how to describe this confusing issue in the Wiki-article but currently it does not reflect the situation correctly (as I, Moldovan Orthodox, think).
Republic of Moldova is an independent state where majority of population speaks Romanian language but only 2.1% of them considered themselves to be Romanians and 76.1% identify themselves as Moldovans (out of total 3,388 thousands, census of 2004). The ecclesiastical situation is following.
Self-ruled Metropolis of Chisinau and Moldova. Self-rule granted in October of 1992. Metropolitan Vladimir, permanent member of Holy Synod of Russian Orthodox Church. Four eparchies: Chisinau, Tiraspol and Dubasari, Edinets and Briceani, and Cahul and Comrat. Church languages - Romanian and Slavonic. Church music - Byzanthine and Russian. 1080 parishes, 30 monasteries, 1 academy, 2 seminaries.
Autonomous Metropolitan See of Basarabia. 30 parishes in Moldova, Odesa region of Ukraine and Chuvash region of Russia (Ural mountains). Founded by bishop of Balti, Petru (Paduraru) in 1992. Supported by political parties opposing independence of Republic of Moldova. It considers itself to be the heir of Metropolitan of Basarabia that existed in 1918-1940 (to make long story short, independent Moldovan Republic existed only for several days after which it was occupied by Kingdom of Romania and annexed) despite protests of non-canonical activity by St. Patriarch Tikhon.
In 1812-1918 the territory of modern Republic of Moldova was Chisinau Eparchy of Russian Church (first Metropolitan - Gavriil (Banulescu-Bodoni), last - Anastasios, future first-hyerarch of Russian Church Abroad), 1401-1812 - part of different eparchies of Ecumenical Patriarchate, since 1791 Moldovlachian Exarchate, 1373-1401 - self-ruled church.
I'm not sure how this information can be used (may be as a separate article, as you wish).
- Wow, thanks for speaking up. This is just the kind of exchange that OrthodoxWiki is great for -- where else could this happen? Fr. John
The article is indeed a bit confused (eg should have been more properly named the Romanian Orthodox Church in the Republic of Moldova), but the reply by a courageous anonymous user is written in bad faith and is faking the history. I try to clarify a bit:
History: Until 1812 the Church in Bessarabia (roughly the territory of the Republic of Moldova) was part of the Orthodox Church in the principality of Moldova (there was no such thing as a Moldovlachian Exarchate as Moldavia and Walalchia were until 1859 two separate statal formations). After the annexation of the Bessarabia the church there became part of the Russian Church. The service in Romanian language was suppressed. In 1918, after the unification of Bessarabia with the Kingdom of Romania the Orthodox Christians were under the authority of the Metropolite of Bessarabia, part of the Romanian Orthodox Church. In 1940 after the occupation by the Soviet authorities the Metropolitan Church of Bessarabia was suppressed and the Orthodoxy tolerated by the communist authorities was under the jurisdiction of Moscow Patriarchate.
In 1992 after the break-up of the Soviet Union a group of clergy and believers (mostly of Romanian language) led by Metropolitan Petru Paduraru asked to join the Romanian Orthodox Church. Their request was granted and the Metropolitan Church of Bessarabia was reestablished as part of the Romanian Orthodox Church. However, the authorities of the Republic of Moldova refused to register this Church (and the Metropolitan Church of Moldova under Moscow jurisdiction also) and left no other option for the faithful than to appeal to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, the Court that monitors the respect of human rights by the states members of the Council of Europe (I know that for many non-Europeans this may be confusing but I am available for other explanations). By the judgment of 13 December 2001, the Court found that he Republic of Moldova violated the freedom of religion of the applicants: the Metropolitan Church of Bessarabia and eleven citizend of Republic of Moldova. The summary of the judgment of the Court is available on the web site of the Euroepean Court of Human Rights at
Following this judgment, the authorities of the Republic of Moldova had to register the Meptropolitan Church of Bessarabia and give it the legal recognition. The status of the Metropolitan Church mentions the fact that it is the succesor of the Metropolitan Church that existed between 1918 and 1944. I don't understand why would this be a problem...
Finally about the census in the Republic of Moldova, I would just like to stress that its' results have been contested by the Council of Europe. As this is the Orthodox wiki I do not intend to continue, but I am ready to provide any additional information, including for a separate article.Razvan2001 18:32, May 1, 2006 (CDT)
Explaining The Context
Here's a bit of clarification regarding the situation in Moldova (or Moldavia – how it used to be called in the English speaking world).
What today is known the Republic of Moldova is roughly the Eastern half of the Romanian province of Moldova, also known as Bessarabia to most of the Romanians. In 1812, the Russian Empire engulfed the territory as a result of a peace agreement with the Turks. In the aftermath of the Communist revolution, the province of Bessarabia became independent (1918) and then returned to Romania following the decision of the Bessarabian National Assembly. Yes, there were Romanian troops in the province at that time with the mission to annihilate the local Bolshevik groups and prevent support from Ukraine and Russia. A few months later, the Romanian army would also fought in Hungary to dismantle Bella Kuhn's Soviet Republic.
In 1940, Bessarabia (plus some other, new, Romanian lands: Bukovina and Hertza) went to USSR as part of the Molotov - Riebentrop Pact (the very Commi - Nazi agreement that gave Eastern Poland and the Baltic Republics to the Russians). What followed was an intense policy of communisation and russification. The history was re-written to support a new identity for the people of Bessarabia as an offspring of a Slavic population. This is why there is a Moldovan language today, though it's the same good old Romanian. An analogy would be the languages spoken in Britain and in America.
Today, the Republic of Moldova is ruled by communists still dependent from Moscow. What happens in the Church has nothing to do with religion. The Church of Russia continues to promote the state's expansionistic interest in good Soviet tradition, while the Church of Romania is just playing the nationalist card. --Stefan 09:58, August 8, 2006 (CDT)
Article based on Wikipedia article
This article is based on the corresponding Wikipedia article (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanian_Orthodox_Church), but it does not respect the terms of the license terms.
Wikipedia is licensed under GNU GFDL terms, so any derivation, including this article must:
- be under licensed under the same terms as the original article, i.e. GFDL; Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike is not compatible with GFDL
- link to the original article in Wikipedia or to a list of the contributors.
Non-compliance to these terms makes it a copyright violation.
Best wishes, Bogdan
- A note has been added regarding the source. The versions now extant at both sites have diverged to the point that both are derivative of but not identical to the snapshot taken on Jan. 22, 2005. The version at OrthodoxWiki is significantly changed and thus not a violation of copyright law. In any event, the derivation was noted in the history, though it is now explicit in the article body. —Dcn. Andrew talk random contribs 21:59, 19 Oct 2005 (EDT)
Don't You think it sounds way-much better saying (something like): "Romanians are the only people upon the face of the earth that are of a Latin heritage/language (like Italians, Spanish, Portugese and French -- which are all Roman-Catholic), but, unlike all other Latins, they have an Orthodox faith" ? Someone might even dare say we're traditional Latin Orthodoxy. :-) ... anyway, ... I just wanted to say that it doesn't seem to me that this particular idea is given the deserved importance, or maybe it's just not so clearly expounded or expresed -- that's all. Luci83ro 19:21, July 5, 2006 (CDT)
- The Spanish-speaking Orthodox and the Portuguese-speaking Orthodox in Central America and in South America are of Latin language heritage. The Patriarchate of Antioch and the Patriarchate of Constantinople have extensive Archdioceses, Metropolitanates and Dioceses in the countries of these regions. Other Orthodox Churches also have parishes in these regions. North America has considerable numbers of Spanish-speaking Orthodox parishes under various jurisdictions. There are also Latin derived language Orthodox throughout western Europe. Romanians are not "the only people on the face of the earth that are of Latin heritage/language" and who are Orthodox. But they certainly are a great people, and have a significant role to play in the worship of the One True God. chrisg 2006-07-06-1151 EAST
!!! WOW !!! ... I never knew that ! ... I've read one conversion story to Orthodoxy of a Protestant missionary who was in Central- or South-America while converting ... but I never ---in my wildest dreams-- dreamt that it took such proportions (maybe it isn't much, but I personally think it's considerable). ... and I think I was some decades ago in my world-view of Orthodoxy also :-) ... Luci83ro 11:08, July 6, 2006 (CDT)
- Here's a good link to relevant websites. :) chrisg 2006-07-07-1333 EAST
i wated to upgrate the article and i unstuck . sorry. where is the undo button? :(( . i wanted to put in article some upgradet information from http://www.patriarhia.ro/Site/Stiri/2006/074.html
,,There are six metropolia and ten archdioceses in Romania, containing 14,035priests and deacons. Almost 631 monasteries exist inside the country for some 8,059 monks and nuns. Three diasporan metropolia and two diasporan dioceses function outside Romania proper. As of 2004, there are, inside Romania, fifteen theological universities where more than 10,898 students (some of them from Bessarabia, Bukovina, and Serbia) currently study for a doctoral degree. More than 15,116 churches exist in Romania for the Orthodox faithful As of 2002, almost 1000 of these were either in the process of being built or rebuilt." Arthasfleo 02:49, February 8, 2008 (PST)
Reverted at your request Arthasfleo. Your update of patriarchal organisation added with citation. Thanks for the latest info. chrisg 2008-02-08 19:27 (AWST)