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All-Night Vigil

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{{diversity}}An '''All -Night Vigil''' (Greek: αγρυπνία - ''Agrypniaagrypnia'' (which means literally, "without sleeping"; Slavonic: ''Vsenoshnoe Bdenie'') usually consists is a combination of [[Vespers]], [[Orthros]], multiple services whose makeup varies significantly according to regional and the First [[Hour]] -- though on certain feasts, it consists of Great [[Compline]], Orthros, and the First Hourlocal tradition. In more ancient practicethe Byzantine tradition, an All Night Vigil was truly done All-the service lasts through the night, and ended with consisting of the entire liturgical cycle, culminating in the [[Divine Liturgy]] being celebrated as sunrise -- this is still the practice on Mt. Athos and in some places in Russia and elsewhere. In the Slavic tradition, it does not last all night but normally includes [[parishVespers]]es, Vigils are less strenuous than those conducted in the (or [[monastery|monasteriesGreat Compline]]), but the structure remains the same. The Vespers often contains a [[litiaMatins]] with the blessing of the bread -- this is always the case, on Great Feasts. The differences between the more rigorous practice, and general parish practice are the later contains some abbreviations[[Hours|First Hour]], and the former it is usually chanted to slower melodies, and also includes additional readings that are done at certain places in the standard Saturday evening service. Also, When the less rigorous practice Vigil is to stop the vigil after the first hour, and then allow people to get some sleep... and then to resume the Third and Sixth hours the following morningcelebrated, followed immediately by the liturgy. In the more rigorous practice, the hours continue without such a breakparticular [[rubrics]] for its constituent services are altered.
One of the unique characteristics of the Vigil is that [[Vespers|Small Vespers]] (different from both Daily and Great Vespers) is served earlier in the evening (usually this service is only done in cathedrals and monasteries, however). This practice originated so that the monks could observe a shorter form of vespers at the canonical time (sunset), have their evening meal, and then later begin the All-Night Vigil (which includes the fuller form of Vespers). Additionally, the inclusion of the Litia and Artoklasia has as its purpose the sustenance of the faithful as they attend a service which may last eight or more hours through the night, when done in the full traditional manner.
==Byzantine practice==In Byzantine practice, the All-Night Vigil includes Great [[Vespers]] including [[Litia]] and [[Artoklasia]], [[Orthros]], the First Hour, Third Hour, and Sixth Hour, followed by the [[Divine Liturgy]]. If the Divine Liturgy is celebrated immediately, the First through Sixth Hours may be omitted. Because of its great length, the All-Night Vigil is rarely celebrated in [[parish]]es, but it is done in some places, especially for major [[feast day]]s. It is commonly celebrated in [[monastery|monasteries]], however, especially for the [[Great Feasts]] and the patronal feast of the community. ==Russian practice==In Russian practice, the All-Night Vigil is the standard Saturday evening service and usually consists of [[Vespers]], [[Matins]], and the [[Hours|First Hour]]—though on certain feasts, it includes [[Great Compline]] instead of Vespers. In [[parish]]es, Vigils are less strenuous than those conducted in the [[monastery|monasteries]], but the structure remains the same. The Vespers often contains a [[Litia]] with the blessing of the bread—this is always the case on [[Great Feasts]]. The differences between the more rigorous practice and general parish practice are that the latter contains some abbreviations, while the former is usually chanted to slower melodies and also includes additional readings that are done at certain places in the service. A less rigorous practice is to stop the Vigil after the First Hour, then to resume with the Third and Sixth Hours the following morning, followed immediately by the liturgy. In the more rigorous practice, the Hours continue without such a break. == External link links ==
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/vigil.htm The All-Night Vigil, as a Reader Service]
*[http://saintjonah.org/rub/ Rubrics for the Vigil (Old Calendar)]
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/rub/vigiltools.htm Handy Tools for the Vigil]
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/liturgics_averky_e.htm#_Toc104768050 The All-Night Vigil, from ''Liturgics'', by Archbishop Averky]
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/liturgical_rubrics_1.htm#_Toc70898613 Liturgical Instructions for the Vigil]
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/typikon_1.htm#_Toc82138511 Abbridged Typikon: Vigil]
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/vigil_v_potapov.htm The All-Night Vigil, by Fr. Victor Potapov]
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