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Jacob Baradaeus

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Metropolitan '''Jacob Baradaeus''' of Edessa is a father and [[saint]] of the [[Church of Antioch (Syriac)|Syriac Orthodox Church]] and the [[Church of India|Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church]]. He is widely recognized for his labors to save the movement in Syria and Mesopotamia opposed to the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council|Council of Chalcedon]] from dying out under the persecution of the east East Roman emperors. Jacob Baradaeus is commemorated on [[July 29]] and [[November 28]] by the [[Jacobite]] churchSyriac and Malankara Orthodox Churches.
Jacob was born in 505 at Tal Mawzalt (modern day Verensehir, Turkey) to the Priest Theophilus bar Manu. At the age of 2 he was given to the Phaselita Monastery near Nisibis, where he mastered the Syriac and Greek languages and was given a comprehensive theological education and spiritual formation in the [[monasticism|monastic]] life. Thanks to his spiritual formation in the monastic life Jacob became a theologian as well as a popular preacher and great scholar. Because of his rough, ragged garments he became known as ''Burd'ono'' or ''Baradaeus''.
There came a time during the persecutions that followed Chalcedon in the mid-500s that the Syriac Orthodox Church only had three metropolitans left throughout its territory, the rest having been driven into exile or [[martyr]]ed by the East Romans. Seeing this Jacob traveled to Constantinople in 528, being received there by St. [[Theodora (wife of Justinian)|Theodora]], wife of the Emperor [[Justinian]] and daughter of a Syriac Orthodox [[priest]] from Mabug. After sojourning for a number of years at a [[monastery]] in Constantinople, Jacob was consecrated Metropolitan of Edessa in 543 by the deposed Patriarch [[Anthimus I of Constantinople]], the exiled Pope Theodosius of Alexandria, the exiled Metropolitan Constantius of Laodicea, and two other [[bishop]]s imprisoned with Pope Theodosius in the imperial capital.
Following his consecration Jacob left Constantinople and began his wide-ranging travels in Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Syria. Everywhere he went Jacob celebrated the divine services and taught and encouraged the monophysite Orthodox faithful who opposed Chalcedon. With the blessing of Pope Theodosius he also helped the remaining free bishops to consecrate new bishops to replace those executed or driven into exile, eventually consecrating some 27 bishops for the Orthodox of the Churches of Alexandria and Antioch. Among these were Patriarch Paul of Antioch, consecrated with Metropolitan Eugene of Seleucia in 550.
St. Jacob's [[relics]] remained at the monastery of his repose until 622, after which they were translated to the Phaselita Monastery by Metropolitan Mor Zacchaeus of Tella.
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