Corrected spelling of Novatian - in some places it was wrongly spelt Novation
Novation Schism''' was a [[schism]] within the [[Church of Rome]] in the third century that originated in the differing positions regarding the policy concerning the proper treatment that the church should accord to Christians who had lapsed, that is denied their faith, during times of persecution.
During the Decian persecutions of the mid third century, a debate arose over the proper treatment that the church should accord to Christians who had denied their faith during the persecutions. Following the [[martyr]]dom of [[Bishop]] [[Fabian of Rome|Fabian]] in January 250, an election could not held for his successor until spring of 251 because the church was in such dire straits. At the 251 [[Synod|council]] a majority vote was cast for Cornelius, who favored acceptance of those who had lapsed under terrible duress. The election of [[Cornelius of Rome|Cornelius]], as Bishop of Rome, was repudiated by the [[clergy]] who had been most firm against the lapsed during the persecution and, in opposition, they consecrated [[Novatian]] Bishop of Rome. Novatian was a Roman [[presbyter]] who was known for his orthodox theological work, ''On the Trinity''. Thus, the Church of Rome was faced with two rival bishops, each seeking support of the wider church.