Russian Orthodox American Messenger

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The Russian Orthodox American Messenger, also Russian-American Orthodox Messenger, was a bilingual publication of the Russian Orthodox North American Mission. The Messenger was first published in 1896 in New York City. Throughout most of its history to 1973, it was issued either on a semi-monthly or monthly basis. 

The first editor of the Messenger was Father Alexander Hotovitzky who was fluent in the English language. After his return in 1914 to Russia, Fr. Alexander was martyred in 1937 after the rise to power of the Bolsheviks in Russia. In 1914, Fr. Alexander's successor as editor of the Messenger was Father Leonid Ieronimovich Turkevich, who in 1950 was elected to lead the Mission as Metropolitan Leonty (Turkevich). Father Leonid retained the editorship of the Messenger until 1930.