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The Orarion is the distinguishing vestment of the deacon. It is a narrow stole, usually four to five inches wide and about ten feet long, made of brocade with seven crosses embroidered or appliquéd along its length, or sometimes embroidered with the words "Holy Holy Holy." The deacon wears the orarion over his left shoulder with the front portion draped over his left forearm. He will often take this section in his right hand when leading litanies or drawing attention to a particular liturgical action.

In the Greek traditions, the orarion is longer, and besides hanging down from the front and back, it is wrapped once diagonally under the right arm and over the left shoulder. In Russian practice, only protodeacons wear this longer orarion, which is referred to in that context as the "double" orarion.

When preparing for Communion, the deacon will tie the orarion around his waist, bringing the ends up over his shoulders (forming an X-shaped cross in back) and then down in front, tucking them under the section around the waist.

The subdeacon also wears the orarion, but always wrapped around his body in the manner described above. In some traditions, acolytes may sometimes be blessed to wear the orarion, though in a manner similar to that of a subdeacon, though usually with both ends pointing straight down in front, rather than crossed in the X-shape.