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The term Jurisdiction is term that has come into use in the Orthodox Christian church to describe an organizational disfunction of the traditional territorial organization of the church in which all parishes within a territory are led by one bishop. The traditional organization had its origins in the time of the Roman Empire

As the 19th century passed into the 20th emigration of people from traditionally Orthodox areas increased, bringing mixes of Orthodox christians of different ethnic and nationalistic leanings into traditionally non-Orthodox areas. While attempts were made to form a single new canonical episcopate in these countries, notably in North America, each ethnic group relied on their “home