Judaism is a monotheistic, non-Trinitarian religion which was founded upon the 613 laws given to Moses by God during the events of the Israelite journey to the Promised Land from Egypt.
After the destruction of the Second Temple by the Romans in AD 70, the Jewish inhabitants of Judea were scattered throughout the empire, setting up their homes in Europe and North Africa. It was the destruction and subsequent diaspora that gave rise to the reforms which established Rabbinical Judaism.
Jews have been persecuted for thousands of years, with the most notable persecutions being their expulsion from Spain in 1492 and the genocide waged by the Nazi’s, commonly referred to as the Holocaust (or the Shoah). The Holocaust took the lives of six million Jews in Europe, not without resistance from various Orthodox hierarchs, notably in Greece and Bulgaria.
- The Jewish Roots of Christian Mysticism - A set of resources put together by a seminary led by Fr. Alexander Golitzin
Judaism and Russian Church Life
- Luzhkov demonstrates against antisemitism: Moscow Mayor backs Jewish Community - by Will Englund, Baltimore Sun, July 22, 1998