Gregory Protopsaltes the Byzantios

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Gregory Byzantios Protopsaltis

Gregory Protopsaltes the Byzantios, also Gregory Byzantios Protopsaltis or Gregorios Byzantios Protopsaltis, was a Lambadarios and Archcantor of the Great Church of Constantinople during the decades of the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was a musical genius, musician, and teacher of music.


Gregory's date of birth is uncertain, but tradition sets his birth in Constantinople, as either in 1777 or 1778, to a priest named George and a mother Helen, on the same day that the renowned Peter Lambadarios the Peloponnesian died. During his youth he learned the Armenian language and music. Then, his father sent him to the Sinai, at Valata where under the abbot archimandrite Jeremias he learned the Greek language and, with his fine voice, became a reader and cantor.

During the time between 1800 and 1810, Gregory married and began raising a family with a number of children.

Gregory was a passionate music student under a number of cantors including Iakovos Protosaltes, Peter Protosaltes the Byzantios, and George the Cretan. From 1800, Gregory was in Constantinople chanting as either Lambadarios or First Domestikos with his teacher, Peter Protosaltes. By 1810, Gregory had definitely advanced to a position as Lambadarios.

On June 21, 1819, Gregory was advanced to Protosaltes, and he chanted as Archcantor until his death on December 23, 1821.

Byzantine music

During his life time Gregory participated in a historic reform of byzantine music notation. Gregory, along with the archimandrite Chrysanthos and Chourmouzios Chartophylax, often referred to as the Three Teachers, systematized into a single method the theory of Byzantine Music. In 1814, they developed an explanation of the old notation and transcribed the melodies as used from before 1814 into the new notation that they had developed.

To dispel suspicion that the Teachers were inventing new Psalmody, the Three Teachers presented their new method of teaching and learning Byzantine music to the Holy Synod of the Church of Constantinople. After thorough discussions, the Synod, under the chair of Patriarch Cyril VI, approved their work.

To facilitate the use of the new method, a school was founded at the Sinai Metochion to teach the new method of music, its rules, and grammar. The teachers at the school were the monk Chrysanthos and Gregory, the Lambadarios of the Great Church, who presented the new method to over 200 students each day in classes that included hierarchs, protosyggeloi, and deacons, as well as many laymen.


Gregory Protopsaltes the Byzantios