Diocese of Bialystok-Gdansk
The Diocese of Bialystok-Gdansk is a diocese of the Church of Poland, located in the northeastern part of Poland. The diocese was established in the mid-twentieth century as the Church of Poland reorganized after the chaos of World War II.
Christianity came to the Bialystok region in the eleventh century. Through the centuries the politics in region underwent frequent changes that affected the organization of the Orthodox peoples. As a result they came under the care of successive princes and hierarchs. Initially, the region was under the jurisdiction of the bishop of Turow-Pinsk, then of Wlodzimierz, later under the metropolitan of Kiev. The region was profoundly affected by the Union of Brest. Lying in the borderlands of civil conflict the governance of the Orthodox in the region changed often. By 1900, the region came under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Grodno-Brest and after World War I under the Diocese of Grodno.
Prior to World War II, the area that now comprises the Diocese of Bialystok-Gdansk was part of the Diocese of Grodno, of which the city of Grodno is now in the Republic of Belarus. After the war, the area of the Grodno diocese that remained part of Poland formed part of the Diocese of Warsaw-Bielsk. The Diocese of Bialystok-Gdansk was created in 1948 by a decision of the Synod of Bishops of the Church of Poland.
The diocese consists of 57 parishes, organized into five deaneries:
There are two cathedrals in the diocese, in Bialystok and Gdansk. Additionally, under the jurisdiction of the Orthodox Ordinariate of the Polish Army, there are two military parishes, one each in the cathedral cities.
The diocese is also the home of the Monasteries of Suprasl, Dojlidy (founded in 1993 for women), and Wojnowo (Formerly an Old Believer monastery now a women's monastery).