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Death in Eastern patristic literature is both the result of Adam's sin and the principle of sin's perpetuation in succeeding generations. Because of the Greek construction of Romans 5:12, most of the Greek fathers of the Church held that the verse read, "As by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, because of which all have sinned." This leads to a theology of mortality as the mechanism of original sin and the fear of death as the motive behind particular acts of sin.

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  • Meyendorff, The Rev. John, Byzantine Theology: Historical trends and doctrinal themes. New York: SVS Press. ISBN 0823209679