Daily Cycle

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The Daily Cycle of divine services is the recurring pattern of prayer and worship that punctuates each liturgical day in the life of the Orthodox Church.


The cycle follows those pattern: Vespers, Compline, Midnight Office, Orthros, First Hour, Third Hour, Sixth Hour, and Ninth Hour. Monasteries generally serve the entire cycle of services. Some cathedrals do, as well. Most parishes do not.

The Divine Liturgy is not itself a part of the Daily Cycle but is inserted into the cycle, usually after Orthros and the Sixth Hour. In some cases it is combined with Vespers. The service of Typika will be related to the Divine Liturgy and is often celebrated on days the Divine Liturgy is not appointed.


Although each service of the Daily Cycle has a particular time traditionally associated with it, out of current practice the services are more commonly served together in one of three aggregations.

  • The Evening Aggregate usually consists of Ninth Hour, Vespers, and Compline. It commences shortly before sunset.
  • The Dawn Aggregate usually consists of Midnight Office, Orthros, and First Hour. It usually begins shortly before sunrise.
  • The Midday Aggregate consists of Third Hour or Sixth Hour. The Divine Liturgy or Typika may be included in the Midday Aggregate.

On days when Great Compline is appointed (e.g., weekdays out of Great Lent), it constitutes the entirety of the Evening Aggregate. Vespers is shifted to the Midday Aggregate.

All-Night Vigil

On the eves of First Class Feasts, Second Class Feasts, and certain Third Class Feasts, an special aggregate, known as the All-Night Vigil, may be served. In such case, the other aggregations may be altered slightly (e.g., including Little Vespers in the Evening Aggregate). Although there is some variance out of practice, the All-Night Vigil generally includes at least Great Vespers, Orthros, and First Hour.


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