Difference between revisions of "Alexander (Demoglou) of Corfu"

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'''Alexander (Demoglou) of Rodostolou''', also '''Alexander (Demoglou) of America''' was the first Greek [[bishop]] to head the ethnic Greek Orthodox [[parish]]es in North America. He was appointed by the [[Metropolitan]] of Athens [[Meletius IV (Metaxakis) of Constantinople|Meletius (Metaxakis)]] during the chaotic period for the Orthodox Church of the Russian Civil and the Greek-Turkish Wars following World War I.  
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'''Alexander (Demoglou)''' ({{lang-el|Αλέξανδρος Δήμογλου}}; 1876, [[w:Chalcedon|Chalcedon]] - 1942, [[w:Corfu (city)|Corfu]]<ref>http://pandektis.ekt.gr/pandektis/handle/10442/64874</ref>) was the first Greek [[bishop]] to head the ethnic Greek Orthodox [[parish]]es in North America. He was appointed by the [[Metropolitan]] of Athens [[Meletius IV (Metaxakis) of Constantinople|Meletius (Metaxakis)]] during the chaotic period for the Orthodox Church of the Russian Civil and the Greek-Turkish Wars following World War I.  
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
The early part of the life of Abp. Alexander is largely unknown. He was the [[Auxiliary bishop|auxiliary Bishop]] of Rodostolou when, on [[October 29]], 1918, he was named the synodical vicar of the proto-[[archdiocese]], formed by Metr. Meletius of Athens, of all Greek Orthodox faithful in North and South America, with Metr. Meletius as its head as [[Exarch]] of America. After the [[w:History_of_modern_Greece|royalists]] returned to power in Greece, Metr. Meletius was [[deposition|deposed]], but on [[November 27]], 1921 he was elected Patriarch of Constantinople in a Turkey that was also at the time [[w: Dissolution_of_the_Ottoman_Empire|deposing]] the government of the [[Ottoman empire|Ottoman Sultan]]. Meletius then returned to the United States where he presided over a formal organization of the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America]] on [[May 11]], 1922. As one of his first official decrees as [[patriarch]], Meletius appointed Bp. Alexander the [[Titular bishop|titular Bishop]] of Rodostolou as his Patriarchal Exarch in America.
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He was born in 1876 in Chalcedon. He studied at the [[Theological School of Halki]], where he graduated in 1902.
  
The years of Abp. Alexander tenure were punctured by the political dispute in Greece between the supporters of the royal house and that of Prime Minister [[w:Eleftherios_Venizelos|Eleftherios Venizelos]] in which Metr. Meletius and Abp. Alexander supported Venizelos. This dispute reflected in a division among the Greek parishes in America.
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He was ordained deacon in 1895 and priest in 1902. He served in the Holy Metropolises of Ephesus, Andrianoupolis, Xanthi, Thessaloniki and Athens. On 21 October 1917 Father Alexander was elected titular Bishop of Rodostolou.
  
In 1930, the dispute had reached the point that Patriarch Ecumenical [[Photius II (Maniatis) of Constantinople|Photius II]], supported by the [[Church of Greece]], sent a representative as exarch, Archbishop [[Damaskinos (Papandreou) of Athens|Damaskenos]] of Corinth, to America to begin a program on reconciliation. During the latter months of 1930, Abp. Damaskenos effected the transfer of the hierarchy created by Patr. Meletius to new sees in Greece. After the transfer of Abp. Alexander, his successor, Archbishop [[Athenagoras I (Spyrou) of Constantinople|Athenagoras (Spyrou)]], arrived in early 1931. He arrived as the ruling hierarch supported by assistant bishops.   
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In 1918 he traveled with Metropolitan Meletios (Metaxakis) of Athens to the Ecclesiastical Mission in America and on [[October 29]], 1918, he was named the synodical vicar of the proto-[[archdiocese]], formed by Metr. Meletius of Athens, of all Greek Orthodox faithful in North and South America, with Metr. Meletius as its head as [[Exarch]] of America. After the [[w:History of modern Greece|royalists]] returned to power in Greece, Metr. Meletius was [[deposition|deposed]], but on [[November 27]], 1921 he was elected Patriarch of Constantinople in a Turkey that was also at the time [[w:Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire|deposing]] the government of the [[Ottoman empire|Ottoman Sultan]]. Meletius then returned to the United States where he presided over the formal organization of the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America]] on [[May 11]], 1922. As one of his first official decrees as [[patriarch]], Meletius appointed Bp. Alexander the [[Titular bishop|titular Bishop]] of Rodostolou as his Patriarchal Exarch in America.
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The years of Abp. Alexander's tenure were punctured by the political dispute in Greece between the supporters of the royal house and that of Prime Minister [[w:Eleftherios_Venizelos|Eleftherios Venizelos]] in which Metr. Meletius and Abp. Alexander supported Venizelos. This dispute was reflected in a division among the Greek parishes in America.
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In 1930, the dispute had reached the point that Ecumenical Patriarch [[Photius II (Maniatis) of Constantinople|Photius II]], supported by the [[Church of Greece]], sent a representative as exarch, Archbishop [[Damaskinos (Papandreou) of Athens|Damaskenos]] of Corinth, to America to begin a program on reconciliation. During the latter months of 1930, Abp. Damaskenos effected the transfer of the hierarchs created by Patr. Meletius to new [[see]]s in Greece. After the transfer of Abp. Alexander, his successor, Archbishop [[Athenagoras I (Spyrou) of Constantinople|Athenagoras (Spyrou)]], arrived in early 1931. He arrived as the ruling hierarch supported by assistant bishops.   
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After his departure from his position in the Archdiocese of America, Metropolitan Alexander pastored in Corfu for twelve years to the tragic days of 1942 (German Occupation). Metropolitan Alexander of Corfu saved from execution 23 high school students when the military commander of the Ionian Islands condemned them to death as a result of their involvement in actions against Mussolini <ref>http://www.parembasis.gr/2010/10_10_20.htm</ref>.
  
 
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years=1918-1930|
 
years=1918-1930|
 
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after=[[Athenagoras I (Spyrou) of Constantinople|Athenagoras (Spyrou)]]}}
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== Reflist ==
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{{Reflist}}
  
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
*[http://www.goarch.org/ourfaith/ourfaith7125 The Mission of the Greek Orthodox Parish in America]
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* [http://www.goarch.org/ourfaith/ourfaith7125 The Mission of the Greek Orthodox Parish in America]
*[http://orthodoxhistory.org/2010/05/24/the-russian-archbishop-welcomes-the-greek-archdiocese-1921/#comments Comments on the russian archbishop welcomes the greek archdiocese 1921]
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* [http://orthodoxhistory.org/2010/05/24/the-russian-archbishop-welcomes-the-greek-archdiocese-1921/#comments Comments on the russian archbishop welcomes the greek archdiocese 1921]
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* [http://www.imcorfu.gr/mitropolites/alexandros.htm  ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ ΔΗΜΟΓΛΟΥ (1930-1942)]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
*[http://goannun.org/about/historical-highlights-of-100-years/  Historical Highlights of 100 Years]
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* [http://www.philoptochos.org/index/history/historypt1 History of Philoptochos Part 1]
*[http://www.philoptochos.org/index/history/historypt1 History of Philoptochos Part 1]
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* [http://www.archive.org/stream/5422062_5/5422062_5_djvu.txt  Selected articles from ''Chicago Post'',  ''The Greek Press'', ''Saloniki'', and ''Chicago Greek Daily'' of July 1930  to April 1931 - translations]
*[http://www.archive.org/stream/5422062_5/5422062_5_djvu.txt  Selected articles from ''Chicago Post'',  ''The Greek Press'', ''Saloniki'', and ''Chicago Greek Daily'' of July 1930  to April 1931 - translations]
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* [http://apolitrosis.gr/Content.php?PageId=91 A. ΄ OI ΜΕΓΑΛΟΙ ΤΗΣ ΚΕΡΚΥΡΑΣ ΠΡΩΤΟΠΑΠΑΔΕΣ]
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* [http://www.greekencyclopedia.com/alexandros-kosm-onom-dimo-gloy-xalkidona-1876-kerkyra-1942-p346.html Αλέξανδρος (κοσμ. όνομ. Δήμογλου) (Χαλκηδόνα, 1876- Κέρκυρα, 1942).]
  
[[Category: Bishops]]
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[[Category:Bishops]]
 
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category:Bishops of Rodostolou]]
 
[[Category:Bishops of Rodostolou]]

Latest revision as of 08:08, July 30, 2014

Alexander (Demoglou) (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Δήμογλου; 1876, Chalcedon - 1942, Corfu[1]) was the first Greek bishop to head the ethnic Greek Orthodox parishes in North America. He was appointed by the Metropolitan of Athens Meletius (Metaxakis) during the chaotic period for the Orthodox Church of the Russian Civil and the Greek-Turkish Wars following World War I.

Life

He was born in 1876 in Chalcedon. He studied at the Theological School of Halki, where he graduated in 1902.

He was ordained deacon in 1895 and priest in 1902. He served in the Holy Metropolises of Ephesus, Andrianoupolis, Xanthi, Thessaloniki and Athens. On 21 October 1917 Father Alexander was elected titular Bishop of Rodostolou.

In 1918 he traveled with Metropolitan Meletios (Metaxakis) of Athens to the Ecclesiastical Mission in America and on October 29, 1918, he was named the synodical vicar of the proto-archdiocese, formed by Metr. Meletius of Athens, of all Greek Orthodox faithful in North and South America, with Metr. Meletius as its head as Exarch of America. After the royalists returned to power in Greece, Metr. Meletius was deposed, but on November 27, 1921 he was elected Patriarch of Constantinople in a Turkey that was also at the time deposing the government of the Ottoman Sultan. Meletius then returned to the United States where he presided over the formal organization of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of North and South America on May 11, 1922. As one of his first official decrees as patriarch, Meletius appointed Bp. Alexander the titular Bishop of Rodostolou as his Patriarchal Exarch in America.

The years of Abp. Alexander's tenure were punctured by the political dispute in Greece between the supporters of the royal house and that of Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos in which Metr. Meletius and Abp. Alexander supported Venizelos. This dispute was reflected in a division among the Greek parishes in America.

In 1930, the dispute had reached the point that Ecumenical Patriarch Photius II, supported by the Church of Greece, sent a representative as exarch, Archbishop Damaskenos of Corinth, to America to begin a program on reconciliation. During the latter months of 1930, Abp. Damaskenos effected the transfer of the hierarchs created by Patr. Meletius to new sees in Greece. After the transfer of Abp. Alexander, his successor, Archbishop Athenagoras (Spyrou), arrived in early 1931. He arrived as the ruling hierarch supported by assistant bishops.

After his departure from his position in the Archdiocese of America, Metropolitan Alexander pastored in Corfu for twelve years to the tragic days of 1942 (German Occupation). Metropolitan Alexander of Corfu saved from execution 23 high school students when the military commander of the Ionian Islands condemned them to death as a result of their involvement in actions against Mussolini [2].

Succession box:
Alexander (Demoglou) of Corfu
Preceded by:
Archbishop of Rodostolou
1918-1930
Succeeded by:
Athenagoras (Spyrou)
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Reflist

Sources

External links