Among the first victims who were killed on the island were 15 [[monk]]s of [[Oransky Monastery]] and their father superior [[Archimandrite]] Augustine. They were shot during the night between [[August 17]] and [[August 17|18]] in 1918.
According to researchers more than 5000 [[clergy]]men and [[laity|laymen]] were killed on the island between the summer of 1918 and the end of the 1930s. Some of these [[martyr]]s have been canonised and glorified as [[New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia|New Martyrs]]. Also many other victims of political repressions were killed on the island. The bodies of those murdered were then thrown into the river. A memorial stone cross has now been erected on the island and requiems are regularly served. Soon a [[church]] dedicated to the martyrs Faith, Hope, Love, and their Mother Sophia will be built on the island. <ref>[http://www.nne.ru/news_en.php?id=339486 A collective prayer dedicated to killed Nizhny Novgorod residents held on the island of Mochalny]// [[Diocese of Nizhny Novgorod and Arzamas]]</ref>.
Among the new martyrs already glorified by Church and who have found a place of rest on the island of Mochalny are: