==First All-American Council==
The first council
(Sobor) was held at [St. John the Baptist Russian Orthodox Church ( now Cathedral) Mayfield, Pennsylvania ] on March 5th throught the 7th, 1907. The Council in 1907 was a natural outgrowth of the history of the North American Mission that we have reviewed and contributed to the Church’s vision that was further developed by the Council. When the First All-American Council (Sobor) gathered on March 5th through the 7th, 1907, it became the culmination and conclusion of St. Tikhon’s archpastoral service in North America. In fact, by the end of March, Saint Tikhon did leave America, never to return again. Several weeks before the Council, it was announced that Saint Tikhon had received news of his transfer to the ancient see of Yaroslavl, and thus, he no longer had the authority to preside over the Council. However, as he had not yet departed to his new assignment in Russia and his successor - Archbishop Platon (Rozhdestvensky) - had not yet arrived in America, auxiliary Bishop Innocent (Pustynsky) of Alaska, who was the temporary administrator of the diocese, asked Saint Tikhon to preside over the Council that his vision had conceived. The assembly of clergy and laity gathered in Mayfield was humble yet it was significant for it met under the leadership of its visionary archpastor to address the needs of the Church’s continued missionary expansion throughout North America, and to bid a fond farewell to their beloved diocesan hierarch. Among the highlights of its deliberations, the Council recognized that to further the Church’s mission, it was essential to create a permanent and orderly administrative structure in the diocese. To enact this, it was decided that a statute should be drafted. Furthermore, the Council realized that the regular convocation of Councils was vital to the development of the Church’s mission. Additionally, the Council sought to create a solid and equitable financial infrastructure for the diocese and its parishes. Such a system, that would among other things provide subsidies for smaller parishes and uniform clergy compensation, was deemed indispensable for missionary expansion. In addressing the issue of differences in liturgical practice across the North American Diocese, the Council’s consensus was to follow St. Tikhon’s wise conclusion that these are to be accepted as, in part, a reflection of the various ethnicities of the clergy and faithful and that they do not contravene the essence of the Orthodox faith. As the Council’s meetings, taking place between sessions of the Russian Orthodox Catholic Mutual Aid Society (ROCMAS) convention, lasted only a few short hours, the Council was not able to deliberate in great detail. However, the Council did delineate a decisive course of action on several issues as outlined above. The foremost significance of the 1907 Council was the precedent it set by its very convocation for the future All-American Councils, which continue to this day. The life of the North American Church was further stabilized and fortified by the Mayfield Council, which resulted in remarkable continued growth over the next decade. Just after the czarist regime was overthrown in Russia in 1917, the long awaited All-Russian Church Council finally convened in Moscow. Perhaps the Mayfield Council in America a decade earlier played a part in paving the way for the Moscow Council. In any case, the influence of the Mayfield Council is clear. Saint Tikhon, formerly Archbishop of North America, was elected the first Patriarch of the Russian Church in more than two centuries. The Moscow Council adopted many far-reaching innovative transformations for incorporation into the life of the Russian Church. Among them was a highly acclaimed parish statute. This document was clearly influenced by the Church statute drafted in America by decision of the Mayfield Council. (1) ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1- [Excerpts from Alexis Liberovsky's Banquet address at the 100th anniversary celebration of the Frist All American Sobor (Council) at Saint John teh Baptist Russian Orthodox Cathedral in Mayfield, PA on October 28, 2007] Alexis Liberovsky OCA Archivist Director – Department of History and Archives
==Second All-American Council==
==Sixth All-American Council==
The sixth council was held in Detroit, Michigan, on [[November 9]]-14, 1980. Discussions and deliberations for this Council were held under the theme of ''Orthodoxy, America, and The Future''. The council amended the Statutes to admit women as delegates at All-American Councils. The council also revised the Statutes to schedule convocation of the All-American Councils every three year instead of every two years. The council also expressed support for Abp [[Valerian (Trifa) of Detroit|Valerian
]] (Trifa), bishop of the [[Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America (OCA)|Romanian Diocese]] of the OCA, who was defending himself against accusations of being a Nazi war-criminal. At the council the Synod of Bishops announced the formation in 1981 of the [[Diocese of Washington (OCA)|Diocese of Washington (DC)]] as the see for the Primate of the OCA. The council was also advised of the established in 1978 by the Synod of Bishops of the [[Diocese of the South (OCA)|Diocese of the South]].
==Seventh All-American Council==
==Ninth All-American Council==
The ninth council was held in Saint Louis, Missouri on [[August 20]]-25, 1989. The discussions and deliberations of the council were under the theme of ''The Orthodox Church in America: Reflecting on the Past, Planning for the Future''. The ninth council reflected a change in the format for sessions by reverting back to plenary sessions only. The council noted the retirement of Fr. Daniel Hubiak who had been the Chancellor of the OCA since he succeeded Fr. [[Joseph J. Pishtey II|Joseph J. Pishtey]] after he died on November 2, 1972. The council also noted that the newly appointed chancellor was Fr. Robert Kondratick.
==Tenth All-American Council==
After receiving pluralities in the nominating ballots (though not a two-thirds majority), auxiliary Bishop [[Jonah (Paffhausen) of Washington and New York|Jonah (Paffhausen)]] of Fort Worth was elected by the Synod of Bishops. Present at the Wednesday morning session, were 645 voting delegates, including 310 clergy and 325 lay delegates, and 10 Hierarchs, making 432 votes needed for a first round, two thirds, majority.
On the first ballot, the two leading candidates were Bp. Jonah, with 233 votes, and Abp. [[Job (Osacky) of Chicago|Job of Chicago]], with 212 votes. Also receiving first ballot votes were, Bishop [[Benjamin (Peterson) of San Francisco|Benjamin]] with 75 votes, Archbishop [[Seraphim (Storheim) of Ottawa|Seraphim]] 33, Bishop [[Tikhon (Mollard) of Philadelphia|Tikhon]] 27, Archpriest [[Michael Dahulich]] 16, Archbishop [[Dmitri (Royster) of Dallas|Dmitri]] 10, Archbishop [[Nathaniel (Popp) of Detroit|Nathaniel]] 9, Bishop [[Basil (Essey) of Wichita|Basil (Essey)]] 6, Bishop [[Nikon (Liolin) of Boston|Nikon]] 5, Archpriest [[Alexander Golitzin]] 5, Archbishop [[Lazar (Puhalo) of Ottawa|Lazar (Puhalo)]] 002, Bishop [[Hilarion (Alfeyev) of Vienna|Hilarion (of Vienna)]] 2, Archimandrite [[Meletios (Webber)]] 2, Archpriest Basil Summer 1, Archimandrite [[Zacharias (Zacharou)|Zacharias (of St. John’s Monastery, England)]] 1, Archpriest Dennis Bradley 1, Archpriest Callinic Berger 1, and Archimandrite Zacchaeus (Wood) with 1 vote. (Three votes were not cast.)
On the second ballot, Bp. Jonah received 473 votes and Abp. Job 364. Their names were given to the other bishops for selection. Also receiving second ballot votes were, Bishop Benjamin with 140 votes, Bishop Tikhon 75, Archbishop Seraphim 42, Archbishop Dmitri 35, Archpriest Michael Dahulich 31, Bishop Basil (Essey) 22, Bishop Nikon 19, Archimandrite Meletios (Webber) 16, Archbishop Nathaniel 9, Archpriest Alexander Golitzin 6, Archpriest Basil Summer 6, Fr. Oleg Kirilov 4, Bishop [[Irineu (Duvlea) of Dearborn Heights|Irineu]] 3, Bishop [[Alejo (Pacheco y Vera) of Mexico City|Alejo]] 3, Archbishop Lazar (Puhalo) 3, Monk Stavros (Leves) 2, Archpriest David Mahaffey 2, Igumen Basil Carpenter 2, Archimandrite Zacharias of St. John’s Monastery, England 2, Archpriest Dennis Bradley 2, Archbishop Nikiphoros 1, Bishop [[Mark (Maymon) of Toledo|Mark of Toledo]] 1, and Fr. Juvenaly of St. Tikhon’s 1 vote. (Two votes were not cast and 4 votes were invalid.)
On the previous night, the Synod of Bishops took questions about the financial scandal. The newly consecrated Bishop Jonah gave answers that drew attention for their forthright admission of wrongdoing at church headquarters and explained of how bishops are supposed to lead.
Much of the Council's activity could be observed online through a [http://www.oca.org/15aac page on the OCA website], and via podcasts from [http://ancientfaith.com/specials/oca15aac Ancient Faith Radio].
*[http://oca15aac.wordpress.com 15th All-American Council blog]
*[http://www.oca.org/PDF/15thAAC/15AAC.minutes.pdf Fifteenth All-American Council MINUTES]