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All-American Council

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Seventeenth All-American Council
==First All-American Council==
The first council (Sobor) was held at [[St. John the Baptist Russian Tikhon's Orthodox Church Monastery (now Cathedral) MayfieldSouth Canaan, Pennsylvania] on March 5th throught the 7th, 1907. The Council in 1907 was a natural outgrowth of the history of the North American Mission that we have reviewed and contributed to the Church’s vision that was further developed by the Council. When the First All-American Council (Sobor) gathered on March 5th through the 7th, 1907, it became the culmination and conclusion of |St. Tikhon’s archpastoral service in North America. In fact, by the end of March, Saint Tikhon did leave America, never to return again. Several weeks before the Council, it was announced that Saint Tikhon hadreceived news of his transfer to the ancient see of Yaroslavl, and thus, he no longer had the authority to preside over the Council. However, as he had not yet departed to his new assignment 's Monastery in Russia and his successor - Archbishop Platon (Rozhdestvensky) - had notyet arrived in AmericaSouth Canaan, auxiliary Bishop Innocent (Pustynsky) of Alaska, who was the temporary administrator of the diocese, asked Saint Tikhon to preside over the Council that his vision had conceivedPennsylvania]]. The assembly of clergy and laity gathered in Mayfield was humble yet it was significant for it met under the leadership of its visionary archpastor to address the needs of the Church’s continued missionary expansion throughout North America, and to bid a fond farewell to their beloved diocesan hierarch. Among the highlights of its deliberations, the Council recognized that to further the Church’s mission, it was essential to create a permanent and orderly administrative structure in the diocese. To enact this, it was decided that a statute should be drafted.Furthermore, the Council realized that the regular convocation of Councils was vital to the development of the Church’s mission. Additionally, the Council sought to create a solid and equitable financial infrastructure for the diocese and its parishes. Such asystem, that would among other things provide subsidies for smaller parishes and uniform clergy compensation, was deemed indispensable for missionary expansion. In addressing the issue of differences in liturgical practice across the North American Diocese, the Council’s consensus was to follow St. Tikhon’s wise conclusion that these are to be council accepted as, in part, a reflection of the various ethnicities of the clergy and faithful autocephaly Tomos and that they do not contravene approved the essence new name of the ''[[Orthodox faithChurch in America]]''. As the Council’s meetings, taking place between sessions of the Russian Orthodox Catholic Mutual Aid Society (ROCMAS) convention, lasted only After approving a few new short hoursconstitution, the Council was not able council decided to deliberate in great detail. However, the Council did delineate convene a decisive course of action on several issues as outlined above. The foremost significance special session of the 1907 Council was council the precedent it set by its very convocation for the future All-American Councils, which continue following year to this day. The life of revise the North American Church was further stabilized and fortified by Statutes to reflect the Mayfield Council, which resulted in remarkable continued growth over the next decade. Just after the czarist regime was overthrown in Russia in 1917, the long awaited All-Russian Church Council finally convened in Moscow. Perhaps the Mayfield Council in America a decade earlier played a part in paving the way for the Moscow Council. In any case, the influence of the Mayfield Council is clear. Saint Tikhon, formerly Archbishop of North America, was elected the first Patriarch of the Russian Church inmore than two centuriesnew status as an autocephalous church. The Moscow Council adopted many far-reaching innovative transformations for incorporation into the life of the Russian Church. Among them was a highly acclaimed parish statute. This document was clearly influenced by the Church statute drafted in America by decision of the Mayfield Council. (1)------------------------------------------------------------------------1- [Excerpts from Alexis Liberovsky's Banquet address at the 100th anniversary celebration of the Frist All American Sobor (Council) at Saint John teh Baptist Russian Orthodox Cathedral in Mayfield, PA on October 28, 2007]Alexis LiberovskyOCA ArchivistDirector – Department of History and Archives
==Second All-American Council==
==Sixth All-American Council==
The sixth council was held in Detroit, Michigan, on [[November 9]]-14, 1980. Discussions and deliberations for this Council were held under the theme of ''Orthodoxy, America, and The Future''. The council amended the Statutes to admit women as delegates at All-American Councils. The council also revised the Statutes to schedule convocation of the All-American Councils every three year instead of every two years. The council also expressed support for Abp [[Valerian (Trifa) of Detroit|Valerian]] (Trifa)]], bishop of the [[Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America (OCA)|Romanian Diocese]] of the OCA, who was defending himself against accusations of being a Nazi war-criminal. At the council the Synod of Bishops announced the formation in 1981 of the [[Diocese of Washington (OCA)|Diocese of Washington (DC)]] as the see for the Primate of the OCA. The council was also advised of the established in 1978 by the Synod of Bishops of the [[Diocese of the South (OCA)|Diocese of the South]].
==Seventh All-American Council==
==Ninth All-American Council==
The ninth council was held in Saint Louis, Missouri on [[August 20]]-25, 1989. The discussions and deliberations of the council were under the theme of ''The Orthodox Church in America: Reflecting on the Past, Planning for the Future''. The ninth council reflected a change in the format for sessions by reverting back to plenary sessions only. The council noted the retirement of Fr. Daniel Hubiak who had been the [[Chancellor ]] of the OCA since he succeeded Fr. [[Joseph J. Pishtey II|Joseph J. Pishtey]] after he died on November 2, 1972. The council also noted that the newly appointed chancellor was Fr. Robert Kondratick.
==Tenth All-American Council==
After receiving pluralities in the nominating ballots (though not a two-thirds majority), auxiliary Bishop [[Jonah (Paffhausen) of Washington and New York|Jonah (Paffhausen)]] of Fort Worth was elected by the Synod of Bishops. Present at the Wednesday morning session, were 645 voting delegates, including 310 clergy and 325 lay delegates, and 10 Hierarchs, making 432 votes needed for a first round, two thirds, majority.
On the first ballot, the two leading candidates were Bp. Jonah, with 233 votes, and Abp. [[Job (Osacky) of Chicago|Job of Chicago]], with 212 votes. Also receiving first ballot votes were, Bishop [[Benjamin (Peterson) of San Francisco|Benjamin]] with 75 votes, Archbishop [[Seraphim (Storheim) of Ottawa|Seraphim]] 33, Bishop [[Tikhon (Mollard) of Philadelphia|Tikhon]] 27, Archpriest [[Michael Dahulich]] 16, Archbishop [[Dmitri (Royster) of Dallas|Dmitri]] 10, Archbishop [[Nathaniel (Popp) of Detroit|Nathaniel]] 9, Bishop [[Basil (Essey) of Wichita|Basil (Essey)]] 6, Bishop [[Nikon (Liolin) of Boston|Nikon]] 5, Archpriest [[Alexander Golitzin]] 5, Archbishop [[Lazar (Puhalo) of Ottawa|Lazar (Puhalo)]] 002, Bishop [[Hilarion (Alfeyev) of Vienna|Hilarion (of Vienna)]] 2, Archimandrite [[Meletios (Webber)]] 2, Archpriest Basil Summer 1, Archimandrite [[Zacharias (Zacharou)|Zacharias (of St. John’s Monastery, England)]] 1, Archpriest Dennis Bradley 1, Archpriest Callinic Berger 1, and Archimandrite [[Zacchaeus (Wood) ]] with 1 vote. (Three votes were not cast.)
On the second ballot, Bp. Jonah received 473 votes and Abp. Job 364. Their names were given to the other bishops for selection. Also receiving second ballot votes were, Bishop Benjamin with 140 votes, Bishop Tikhon 75, Archbishop Seraphim 42, Archbishop Dmitri 35, Archpriest Michael Dahulich 31, Bishop Basil (Essey) 22, Bishop Nikon 19, Archimandrite Meletios (Webber) 16, Archbishop Nathaniel 9, Archpriest Alexander Golitzin 6, Archpriest Basil Summer 6, Fr. Oleg Kirilov 4, Bishop [[Irineu (Duvlea) of Dearborn Heights|Irineu]] 3, Bishop [[Alejo (Pacheco y Vera) of Mexico City|Alejo]] 3, Archbishop Lazar (Puhalo) 3, Monk Stavros (Leves) 2, Archpriest [[David Mahaffey ]] 2, Igumen Basil Carpenter 2, Archimandrite Zacharias of St. John’s Monastery, England 2, Archpriest Dennis Bradley 2, Archbishop Nikiphoros 1, Bishop [[Mark (Maymon) of Toledo|Mark of Toledo]] 1, and Fr. Juvenaly of St. Tikhon’s 1 vote. (Two votes were not cast and 4 votes were invalid.)
On the previous night, the Synod of Bishops took questions about the financial scandal. The newly consecrated Bishop Jonah gave answers that drew attention for their forthright admission of wrongdoing at church headquarters and explained of how bishops are supposed to lead.
Much of the Council's activity could be observed online through a [ page on the OCA website], and via podcasts from [ Ancient Faith Radio].
==Sixteenth All-American Council==
The 16th All-American Council was held in Bellevue, Washington, October 31 to November 4, 2011, Bellevue is a neighbor of Seattle, just across Lake Washington.
==Seventeenth All-American Council==
The 17th All-American Council was held for just one day, Tuesday, [[November 13]], 2012 (the Feast of Saint John Chrysostom), at the Holy Trinity Church, Parma, Ohio. It was attended by 11 Hierarchs, 295 Clergy Delegates, 284 Lay Delegates for 590 eligible to vote. Also, there were 7 Retired Clergy and 66 Observers for a total of 663 people. The only order of business for this council was the election of a new primate of the Orthodox Church in America. No single candidate received the required two-thirds margin on the first ballot. On the second ballot, His Eminence, [[Tikhon (Mollard) of Washington|Archbishop Tikhon of Philadelphia and Eastern Pennsylvania]] and His Grace, [[Michael (Dahulich) of New York|Bishop Michael of New York and New Jersey]], received 317 and 355 votes respectively. The members of the [[Holy Synod]] retired into the altar where they elected Archbishop Tikhon.
On the first ballot, the two leading candidates were Bishop Michael 205, Archbishop Tikhon 118. Also receiving first ballot votes were, [[Melchisedek (Pleska) of Pittsburgh|Bishop Melchizedek]] 94, [[Nathaniel (Popp) of Detroit|Archbishop Nathaniel]] 49, [[Benjamin (Peterson) of San Francisco|Archbishop Benjamin]] 23, [[Basil (Essey) of Wichita|Bishop Basil (Essey)]] 17, [[Jonah (Paffhausen) of Washington|Metropolitan Jonah]] 17, [[Nikon (Liolin) of Boston|Archbishop Nikon]] 13, [[Mark (Maymon) of Baltimore|Bishop Mark (Maymon)]] 10, [[Alexander (Golitzin) of Toledo|Bishop Alexander]] 8, [[Irénée (Rochon) of Quebec City|Bishop Irénée]] 5, [[Hilarion (Kapral) of New York|Metropolitan Hilarion (ROCOR)]] 3, [[Matthias (Moriak) of Chicago|Bishop Matthias]] 3, Archimandrite Alexander (Pihach) 3, Hieromonk [[David (Mahaffey)|David Mahaffey]] 3, [[Alejo (Pacheco y Vera) of Mexico City|Archbishop Alejo]] 2, Igumen [[Gerasim (Eliel)]] 2, [[Philip (Saliba) of New York|Metropolitan Philip]] 1, [[Irineu (Duvlea) of Dearborn Heights|Bishop Ireneu]] 1, [[Seraphim (Sigrist) of Sendai|Bishop Seraphim (Sigrist)]] 1, Archimandrite Vladimir (Wendling) 1, Igumen Sergius (Bowyer) 1, Igumen Patrick (Carpenter) 1, [[Paul (Gassios)|Archpriest Paul Gassios]] 1, and Hieromonk Herman (Majkrzak) 1. There were 7 invalid/blank ballots for a total of 590 votes.
On the second ballot: Bishop Michael 355, Archbishop Tikhon 317, Bishop Melchizedek 161, Archbishop Nathaniel 81, Bishop Mark (Maymon) 28, Bishop Basil (Essey) 25, Archbishop Benjamin 23, Archbishop Nikon 23, Bishop Alexander 20, Bishop Irénée (Rochon) 15,
Metropolitan Jonah 14, Metropolitan Hilarion (Kapral) ([[ROCOR]]) 13, Archbishop Alejo 11, Bishop Matthias 9, Abbot Gerasim (Eliel) 6, Bishop Irineu (Duvlea) 5, Fr. David Mezynski 5, Archimandrite Alexander (Pihach) 4, Bishop Seraphim (Sigrist) 3, Archimandrite Christopher (Calin) 3, [[Kyrill (Gundyayev) of Moscow|Patriarch Kyrill]] 2, [[Meletios (Webber)|Archimandrite Meletios (Webber)]] 2, Igumen Sergius (Bowyer) 2, Archpriest Paul Gassios 2, Hieromonk David (Mahaffey) 2, Monk Stavros (Leves) 2, [[Herman (Swaiko) of Washington and New York|Metropolitan Herman]] 1, Metropolitan [[Hilarion (Alfeyev) of Vienna|Hilarion (Alfeyev)]](ROC) 1, [[Thomas (Joseph) of Charleston and Oakland|Bishop Thomas]] (Antiochian) 1, Archimandrite Juvenaly (Repass) 1, Archimandrite Pitirim (Stehnach) 1, Igumen Joseph (Hoffman) 1, Igumen Patrick (Carpenter) 1, Fr. David Brum 1, Fr. Theodore Heckman 1, Fr. Basil Summer 1, Fr. John Chudik 1, Hieromonk Herman (Majkrzak) 1, Brother Luke (Dorr) 2. There were 11 invalid ballots (22 votes), and 6 ballots (12 votes) were not submitted for a total of 1180 votes.
==External links==
*[ 15th All-American Council blog]
*[ Fifteenth All-American Council MINUTES]
*[ 16th All-American Council Website]
*[ 16th All American Council of the Orthodox Church in America Podcasts] - Ancient Faith Radio,
*[ The 17th All-American Council Election of the Metropolitan of All America and Canada]
*[ 17th All American Council of the Orthodox Church in America Podcasts] - Ancient Faith Radio,
*[ Seventeenth All-American Council MINUTES]
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