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Macarius I of Jerusalem

66 bytes added, 02:35, March 14, 2010
a couple punctuation marks, rephrased one sentence for clarity
Bp. Macarius' name appears first among the [[bishop]]s from Palestine who subscribed to the acts of the Council of Nicea; [[Eusebius of Caesarea]]'s name appears fifth. At the council Macarius apparently contended with Eusebius of Caesarea concerning the rights of their respective [[see]]s as the seventh canon of the council noted, "As custom and ancient tradition show that the bishop of Aelia (Jerusalem) ought to be honored, he shall have precedence: without prejudice, however, to the dignity which belongs to the Metropolis," a vague statement that suggests a compromise.
St. Theophanes in his "''Chronography" '' reported that, at the end of the Council at Nicea, the emperor [[Constantine the Great|Constantine I]] directed Bp. Macarius to search in Jerusalem for the sites of the Savior's [[Passion]] and [[Resurrection]] and for the [[True Cross]]. As confirmation of his direction, excavations in the city began shortly after the council and, contrary to expectations, the monument of our Savior's Resurrection was found under the remains of the temple of Venus. After hearing of the discovery, Constantine directed Macarius to erect a [[church]] (the [[Church of the Holy Sepulchre(Jerusalem)|Holy Sepulchre]]) on the site. Also about 325, St. [[Helen]], the mother of Constantine , was accompanied by Bp. Macarius,on her journey to Jerusalem , during which time she discovered the True [[Cross]].
Sozomen <ref> Sozomen (Church History II.20</ref> relates an attempt by Macarius to have a popular [[priest]] of Jerusalem, Maximus, installed a as Bishop of Lydia (Diospolis), but Macarius' plan was forestalled by the people of Jerusalem , who did not want Maximus to leave their city. Maximus would eventual succeed Macarius to the see of Jerusalem.
Bp. Macarius most probably reposed in 334, as [[Maximus III of Jerusalem|Maximus III]], his successor, was present at the Council of Tyre in 335.

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