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Gregory the Theologian

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[[Image:Gregory the Theologian.jpg|right|thumb|St. Gregory the Theologian]]Our father among the [[saint]]s '''Gregory the Theologian ''', or '''Gregory of Nazianzus''', was a great Father and Teacher of the Church was born in 329 in Arianzus, a village of the second district of Cappadocia, not far from Nazianzus. His father[[feast day]] is celebrated on [[January 25]], who later became Bishop that of Nazianzus, was named Gregory (commemorated Jan. 1), and his mother was named Norma (Aug. 5); both are among the Saints, and so are his brother Caesarius (Mar. 9) and his sister Gorgona (Feb. 23). At first he studied in Caesarea translation of Palestine, then in Alexandria, and finally in Athens. As he was sailing from Alexandria to Athens, a violent sea storm put in peril not only his life but also his salvation, since he had not yet been baptized[[relics]] on [[January 19]]. With tears and fervour he besought God to spare him, vowing to dedicate his whole self to Him, and the tempest gave way to calmSts. At Athens Saint Gregory was later joined by Saint [[Basil the Great, whom he already knew; but now their acquaintanceship grew into a lifelong brotherly love. Another fellow student of theirs in Athens was the young Prince Julian, who later as Emperor was called the Apostate because he denied Christ ]] and did all in his power to restore paganism. Even in Athens[[John Chrysostom]], before Julian had thrown off the mask of piety; Saint Gregory saw what an onsettled mind he had, and said, "What an evil is numbered among the Roman State Three Holy [[Hierarch]]s whose feast day is nourishing" (Orat. V, 24, PG 35:693)celebrated on [[January 30]].
After their studies at Athens, Gregory became Basil's fellow ascetic==Life==He was born in 329 in Arianzus, living the monastic life together with him for a time in village of the hermitages second district of PontusCappadocia, not far from Nazianzus. His father ordained him presbyter of the Church , who later became [[Bishop]] of Nazianzus, and Saint Basil consecrated him Bishop of Sasima was named Gregory (or Zansimacommemorated [[January 1|Jan. 1]]), which and his mother was in named Norma ([[August 5|Aug. 5]]); both are among the archdiocese of Caesarea. This consecration was a source of great sorrow to Gregorysaints, and a cause of misunderstanding between him so are his brother Caesarius ([[March 9|Mar. 9]]) and Basil; but his love for Basil remained unchanged, as can be plainly seen from his Funeral Oration on Saint Basil sister Gorgona (Orat[[February 23|Feb. XLIII23]]).
About the Year 379At first he studied in Caesarea of Palestine, Saint Gregory came to the assistance of the Church of Constantinoplethen in Alexandria, which had already been troubled for forty years by the Arians; by his supremely wise words and many labours finally in Athens. As he freed it was sailing from the corruption of heresyAlexandria to Athens, and was elected Archbishop of that city by the Second Ecumenical Council, which assembled there a violent sea storm put in 381peril not only his life but also his salvation, since he had not yet been [[baptism|baptized]]. With tears and condemned Macedoniusfervour he besought God to spare him, Archbishop of Constantinoplevowing to dedicate his whole self to Him, and the enemy of the Holy Spirittempest gave way to calm. When At Athens Saint Gregory came to Constantinoplewas later joined by St. [[Basil the Great]], the Arians had taken all the churches and whom he was forced to serve in already knew; but now their acquaintanceship grew into a house chapel dedicated to Saint Anastasia the Martyrlifelong brotherly love. From there he began to preach his famous five sermons on Another fellow student of theirs in Athens was the Trinityyoung Prince Julian, who later as Emperor was called the Triadica. When [[Apostate]] because he left Constantinople two years later, the Arians denied Christ and did not have one church left all in his power to them restore paganism. Even in Athens, before Julian had thrown off the city. Saint Meletius mask of Antioch (see Febpiety; St. 12)Gregory saw what an unsettled mind he had, and said, who was presiding over "What an evil the Second Ecumenical CouncilRoman State is nourishing" (Orat. V, died in the course of it24, and Saint Gregory was chosen in his stead; there he distinguished himself in his expositions of dogmatic theologyPG 35:693).
Having governed the Church until 382After their studies at Athens, Gregory became Basil's fellow [[ascetic]], he delivered his farewell speech - living the Syntacterion, monastic life together with him for a time in which he demonstrated the Divinity [[hermit]]ages of Pontus. His father [[ordain]]ed him [[presbyter]] of the Son - before 150 bishops and the Emperor Theodosius the Great; in this speech he requestedChurch of Nazianzus, and received from allSt. Basil consecrated him Bishop of Sasima (or Zansima), permission to retire from which was in the see [[archdiocese]] of ConstantinopleCaesarea. He returned This consecration was a source of great sorrow to NazianzusGregory, where he lived to the end and a cause of misunderstanding between him and Basil; but his lifelove for Basil remained unchanged, and reposed in the Lord in 391, having lived some sixty-two yearsas can be plainly seen from his ''Funeral Oration on Saint Basil'' (Orat. XLIII).
His extant writingsAbout the year 379, both prose and poems in every type Saint Gregory came to the assistance of the [[Church of metreConstantinople]], demonstrate which had already been troubled for forty years by the [[Arianism|Arians]]; by his lofty eloquence supremely wise words and his wondrous breadth of learning. In many labours he freed it from the beauty corruption of his writings[[heresy]], he is considered to have surpassed and was elected Archbishop of that city by the Greek writers of antiquity[[Second Ecumenical Council]], which assembled there in 381, and because condemned Macedonius, Archbishop of his God-inspired theological thoughtConstantinople, he received as the enemy of the surname "Theologian[[Holy Spirit]]. When St." Although he is sometimes called Gregory of Nazianzuscame to Constantinople, this title belongs properly the Arians had taken all the churches and he was forced to his father; he himself is known by the Church only as Gregory serve in a house chapel dedicated to St. Anastasia the Theologian[[Martyr]]. He is especially called "Trinitarian Theologian," since in virtually every homily From there he refers began to preach his famous five [[sermon]]s on the [[Trinity and ]], called the ''Triadica''. When he left Constantinople two years later, the Arians did not have one essence and nature church left to them in the city. St. Meletius of Antioch (see [[February 12|Feb. 12]]), who was presiding over the Godhead. HenceSecond Ecumenical Council, Alexius Anthorus dedicated died in the following verses to him:course of it, and St. Gregory was chosen in his stead; there he distinguished himself in his expositions of dogmatic theology.
Like an unwandering star beaming with splendourHaving governed the Church until 382,he delivered his farewell speech—the ''Syntacterion'', in which he demonstrated the Divinity of the Son—before 150 bishops and the Emperor Theodosius the Great; in this speech he requested, and received from all, permission to retire from the see of Constantinople. He returned to Nazianzus, where he lived to the end of his life, and reposed in the Lord in 391, having lived some sixty-two years.
Thou bringest us His extant writings, both prose and poems in every type of metre, demonstrate his lofty eloquence and his wondrous breadth of learning. In the beauty of his writings, he is considered to have surpassed the Greek writers of antiquity, and because of his God-inspired theological thought, he received the surname "Theologian." Although he is sometimes called Gregory of Nazianzus, this title belongs properly to his father; he himself is known by mystic teachingsthe Church only as Gregory the Theologian. He is especially called "Trinitarian Theologian, O Father" since in virtually every homily he refers to the Trinity and the one [[Homoousios|essence]] and nature of the [[Godhead]]. Hence,Alexius Anthorus dedicated the following verses to him:
:Like an unwandering star beaming with splendour,:Thou bringest us by mystic teachings, O Father,:To the Trinity's sunlike illumination, :O mouth breathing with fire, Gregory most mighty.
== Hymns ==
[[Apolytikion]]: (First Tone):The pastoral flute of your theology conquered the trumpets of orators. :For it called upon the depths of the Spirit :and you were enriched with the beauty of words. :[[intercession|Intercede]] to Christ our God, :O Father Gregory, that our souls may be saved.
[[Kontakion]]:The pastoral flute of your theology conquered (Third Tone):O Glorious One, you dispelled the trumpets complexities of orators. For it called upon with the depths words of your theology. :You have adorned the Spirit and you were enriched Church with the beauty vesture of wordsOrthodoxy woven from on high. Intercede :Clothed in this, the Church now cries out to Christ our Godyour children, with us, O :"Hail Father Gregory, that our souls may be savedthe consummate theological mind."
Kontakion: (Third Tone)== Source ==*[http:O Glorious One, you dispelled the complexities of orators with the words of your theology//www.goarch. You have adorned the Church with the vesture of Orthodoxy woven from on highorg/en/Chapel/saints. Clothed in this, asp?contentid=403 Gregory the Church now cries out to your childrenTheologian, with us, "Hail Father, the consummate theological mind."Archbishop of Constantinople] ([[GOARCH]])
== Source ==[[Category:Bishops]]www.goarch.org[[Category:Church Fathers]][[Category:Saints]]
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