Returning to Skopje, the [[monk]] Seraphim was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[priest]] by [[Metropolitan]] Varnava of Skopje, later [[Patriarch]] of Serbia. Seraphim served until 1928 as a [[parish]] priest in Skopje before joining the [[Monastery]] of St. Job of Pochaev in Ladomirova, Czechoslovakia (present day Slovakia).
In 1934, [[hieromonk]] Seraphim was raised to the rank of [[archimandrite]] and appointed [[abbot]] of the monastery by Metr. Anthony (Khrapovitsky) to replace Archimandrite Vitaly (Maximenko) who had been [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] [[bishop]] and had moved to America. During the years Archimandrite Seraphim led St. Job of Pochaev Monastery he placed great importance on its printing capabilities, developing it to the most important printing center of ROCOR. During World War II, the monastery press produced Orthodox literature for distribution in German occupied areas of the Soviet Union.
In 1944, after the war turned against the German forces. Archimandrite Seraphim and the brotherhood of the monastery fled before the advancing Soviet forces. After first going to Berlin, they fled to Switzerland. In February 1946, in Switzerland, Archimandrite Seraphim was consecrated Bishop of Santiago and Chile at the Cathedral of the Elevation of the Cross in Geneva by Metr. Anastassy (Gribanovsky) who assisted by Bps. Ieromin (Chernov) of Montreal and Nafanail (Lvov) of Brussels and Western Europe.