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Seraphim (Ivanov) of Chicago

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His Eminence, the Most Reverend '''Seraphim (Ivanov)''' was a hierarch of the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia]] and the second ruling bishop of the Diocese of Chicago and Detroit (now the [[Diocese of Chicago and Mid-America (ROCOR)|Diocese of Chicago and Mid-America]]).
==Life==
Returning to Skopje, the [[monk]] Seraphim was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[priest]] by [[Metropolitan]] Varnava of Skopje, later [[Patriarch]] of Serbia. Seraphim served until 1928 as a [[parish]] priest in Skopje before joining the [[Monastery]] of St. Job of Pochaev in Ladomirova, Czechoslovakia (present day Slovakia).
In 1934, [[hieromonk]] Seraphim was raised to the rank of [[archimandrite]] and appointed [[abbot]] of the monastery by Metr. Anthony (Khrapovitsky) to replace Archimandrite [[Vitaly (Maximenko) of Jersey City|Vitaly (Maximenko)]] who had been [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] [[bishop]] and had moved to America. During the years Archimandrite Seraphim led St. Job of Pochaev Monastery he placed great importance on its printing capabilities, developing it to the most important printing center of ROCOR. During World War II, the monastery press produced Orthodox literature for distribution in German occupied areas of the Soviet Union.
In 1944, after the war turned against the German forces. Archimandrite Seraphim and the brotherhood of the monastery fled before the advancing Soviet forces. After first going to Berlin, they fled to Switzerland. In February 1946, in Switzerland, Archimandrite Seraphim was consecrated Bishop of Santiago and Chile at the Cathedral of the Elevation of the Cross in Geneva by Metr. Anastassy (Gribanovsky) who assisted by Bps. Ieromin Jeronim (Chernov) of Montreal and Nafanail Nathaneil (Lvov) of Brussels and Western Europe.
Not being able to assume his post in Chile, Bp. Seraphim then emigrated to the United States with the brotherhood from St. Job monastery, where they joined the [[Holy Trinity Monastery (Jordanville, New York)|Holy Trinity Monastery]] at Jordanville, New York. Bp. Seraphim was then named abbot of the monastery with the title of Bishop of Holy Trinity and [[vicar]] of the [[Diocese]] of Eastern America.
In October 1957, Bp. Seraphim was appointed ruling bishop of the [[Diocese of Chicago and Mid-America (ROCOR)|Diocese of Chicago, Detroit, and Midwest]] succeeding Abp. [[Gregory (Borishkevitch) of Chicago|Gregory (Borishkevitch)]] who had reposed. In 1959, he was elevated to [[archbishop]].
In 19691960, Abp. Seraphim and Abp. Theophil (Ionscu), a Romanian [[bishop]] who was a member of ROCOR, consecrated Archimandrite Akakios, a member of the Greek Old Calendar Church, a bishop. Metr. [[Anastasy (Gribanovsky) of Kishinev|Anastassy]] and the Holy Synod, however, did not sanction the consecration. In late 1969, however, Metr. [[Philaret (Voznesensky) of New York|Philaret]] and the Synod confirmed the consecration.
Being very interested in the youth of the [[church]], Abp. Seraphim established the Organization of Russian Orthodox Pathfinders which established a summer camp in a rural area west of Chicago, called Vladimirovo, This led to his appointment by the Holy Synod to oversee the youth programs for all of ROCOR.
As age began to take its toll on his physical strength, in the mid 1980s, Abp. Seraphim retired to the New Kursk Root Hermitage in Mahopac with Archimandrite Feofan where he reposed in 1987. He was buried in the hermitage's cemetery..
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{{start box}}
{{succession|
before=?Leonty (Filipovitch)|title=Bishop of Santiago and Chile<br>([[ROCOR]])|
years= 1946-1946|
after=?}}
{{succession|
before=?[[Panteleimon (Nizhnik)]]|title=Abbot of [[Holy Trinity Monastery (Jordanville, New York)|Holy Trinity Monastery]]|years=1930-1948|after=[[Vitaly (Maximenko) of Jersey City|Vitaly (Maximenko)]]}}{{succession|before=see created|title=Bishop of [[Diocese of Eastern American and New York (ROCOR)|Holy Trinity]]<br>([[ROCOR]])|
years= 1946-1951|
after=?[[Averky (Taushev) of Syracuse|Averky (Taushev)]]}}{{succession|before=''none''|title=Rector of New Kursk Root Hermitage|years= 1948-1957|after=Innocent (Bystrov)}}{{succession|before=[[Gregory (Borishkevitch) of Chicago | Gregory (Borishkevitch]])|title=Archbishop of [[Diocese of Chicago and Mid-America (ROCOR)|Chicago, Detroit & the Midwest]]<br>([[ROCOR]])|years=1957-1976|after=&mdash;}}
{{succession|
before=Gregory (Borishkevitch)&mdash;|title=Archbishop of [[Diocese of Chicago and Mid-America (ROCOR)|Chicago, Detroitand Mid-America]]<br>([[ROCOR]])|years=19571976-1987|
after=[[Alypy (Gramanovich) of Chicago|Alypy (Gammanovich)]]}}
{{end box}}
==Source==
*[http://www.roca.org/life_of_archbishop_seraphim.htm The Life of Archbishop Seraphim (Ivanov)]
[[Category: Bishops]]
[[Category: Bishops of Santiago]]
[[Category: Bishops of Chicago]]
[[Category: Bishops of Detroit]]
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
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