A community of Orthodox believers established the Church of St. Nicholas in the early 1890s in rented rooms in lower Manhattan in New York City. As the [[congregation]] grew to some 300 parishioners in 1899, a movement began to build a new, larger [[church]]. A location in an inexpensive part of uptown Manhattan
on 97th Street between Fifth and Madison Avenues was purchased. Donations by Tsar [[Nicholas II of Russia|Nicholas II]] of 7,500 rubles were among the first donations made for the construction of the new church. On [[May 22]], 1901, Bishop [[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon]] of the Aleutians and North America laid the cornerstone of the [[temple]].
The design, by John Bergesen, was of a church that followed that of typical Russian churches. The structure was of stone with a dark red brick facade trimmed with limestone and glazed tile in green, blue, and yellow surmounted by seven onion shaped domes. The curving ribs of the domes were of gilt bronze that contrasted with the green painted galvanized iron surface.
After the Bolsheviks assumed power in Russia, Soviet controlled elements of the Church of Russia challenged the missionary diocese that had declared itself temporarily independent in the early 1920s over ownerhip of St Nicholas Cathedral. By New York State Appellate Court action the ownership of the cathedral was awarded to the Bolshevik controlled church, the [[Living Church]], in Russia. Over the following decades the cathedral functioned uneasily as the official church of an atheistic country.
With the fall of the Soviet Union, control of St Nicholas Cathedral passed to the freed Church of Russia under Patriarch [[Alexei II (Ridiger) of Moscow|Alexei II]]. Currently, St. Nicholas Cathedral is the seat of the
Acting Administrator of the Patriarchal Parishes of the [[Russian Orthodox Church in the USA]], Job, Bishop of Kashira, Vicar Bishop to His Holiness, [[Kyrill I (Gundyayev) of Moscow|Kyrill]], Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
*[http://www.russianchurchusa.org/index.php3?mode=985&ln=en St. Nicholas Cathedral of New York]
[[Category: USA Churches|Nicholas]]