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Church of Georgia

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External links: Fixed broken link to CNEWA website.
The '''Church of Georgia''' is one of the oldest Christian churches, tracing its origins in tradition to the [[missionary]] efforts of the [[Apostle Andrew]] in the first century. Historically, adoption of Christianity by the kingdom of Georgia (Iberia) is traced to the missionary efforts of St. [[Nino of Cappadocia]] beginning in early fourth century. Initially, the Georgian [[church]] was part of the territory of the [[Patriarchate of Antioch]]. The church was granted [[autocephaly]] by the Patriarch of Antioch in 466. While seriously disrupted by the invasions of the various tartar Tartar tribes in the 13 13th and 15th centuries , the autocephalous church survived until it was placed under the administration of the synodal [[Church of Russia]] in 1811. After the abdication of Czar [[Nicholas II of Russia|Nicholas II]] following the 1917 February Revolutionof 1917, the Georgian [[hierarch]]s restored the church's autocephaly that , which was eventually recognized by the [[Church of Constantinople]] and the [[Church of Russia]].
==Ancient origins==
According to tradition , the Apostle Andrew, the First Called, preached in Georgia in the first century. Tradition relates that he came with the Holy Mother's Uncreated Icon, that is the icon of the [[Theotokos]] not made by human hands. This tradition introduced a deep affection for the Theotokos into Georgian conscientiousness. Additionally, tradition speaks to preaching by other [[apostles]] in Georgia including Simon the Canaanite, Matthias, Bartholomew, and Thaddeus. The establishment of the first Georgian [[eparchy]] ([[diocese]]) was also credited to the Apostle Andrew.
The active history of Christianity in Georgia begins with the missionary activities of [[Nino of Cappadocia]] beginning in 303. By 317 her message reached the rulers of the eastern and western kingdoms of Georgia when King Miriam II of Iberia (Eastern Georgia) and Queen Nana of Western Georgia adopted Christianity as the state religion. The Christianization of Georgia progressed over the next several centuries.
====Recent [[Catholicos]]-Patriarchs of All Georgia====
''([[List of leaders of Georgian Church|See full list]])''
*[[Kirion II (Sadzaglishvili)|Kirion II]] (1917-1918)
*Leonide (1918-1921)
*Eprem II (1960-1072)
*David V (1972-1977)
*[[Ilia II (Ghudushauri-Shiolashvili) of Georgia|Ilia II]] (1977 to present)
===Dioceses of Georgia===
** Diocese of Agaraki and Tashiri (Armenia)
** Diocese of West Europe (Great Britain, Belgium, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria)
==Further reading==
* Christopher Haas. ''"Mountain Constantines: The Christianization of Aksum and Iberia."'' '''Journal of Late Antiquity''', Volume 1, Number 1, Spring 2008. pp.101-126.
: <small>(At the beginning of the fourth century, [[w:Ezana of Axum|Ezana I of Aksum]] and [[w:Mirian III of Iberia|Mirian III of Iberia]] espoused Christianity, much like their better-known contemporary, [[Constantine the Great]]. The religious choices made by the monarchs of these two mountain polities was but one stage in a prolonged process of Christianization within their respective kingdoms. This study utilizes a comparative approach in order to examine the remarkably similar dynamics of religious transformation taking place in these kingdoms between the fourth and late sixth centuries. The cultural choice made by these monarchs and their successors also factored into, and were influenced by, the fierce competition between Rome and Sassanian Persia for influence in these strategically important regions.)</small>
==External links==
* [ History of the Orthodox Church of Georgia]
*[ Resource for the Study of Georgian Chant]
*[ Article on Church of Georgia in ''The Eastern Christian Churches: A Brief Survey'' (2008) by Ronald Roberson, on the CNEWA website]

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