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née Mikhail--was born [[October 30]], 1792 in Viaz'ma (Smolensk Province), to parents Fr Iakov and Agafiia Glukharev. He also had a younger brother, Aleksei.<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 72-73. </ref>
His father being a [[priest]], Mikhail studied at ecclesiastical schools in Smolensk, then enrolled in the [[St. Petersburg Theological Academy|St. Petersburg Academy]], where he studied from 1813 to 1817. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 73-76. </ref> At this time he met his future spiritual father, [[Philaret (Drozdov) of Moscow|Filaret]], later Metropolitan of Moscow. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 76-77. </ref> He also developed an interest in the [[Philokalia]];<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 39-47; 78-79. </ref> the writings of Protestant mystics such as Jung-Stilling and Johann Arndt;<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 35-39; 77-79. </ref> Quakerism;<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 29,79. </ref> and the [[Russian Bible Society]].<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 12-21. </ref>
In 1818 Makarii (as he was now called) was [[tonsure]]d as a [[monk]], [[ordination|ordained]] as a priest, and enrolled at the [[Monastery of the Kiev Caves|Lavra of the Caves]] in Kiev. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 81-86. </ref> In 1821, he transferred to Kostroma Seminary, where he received the rank of archimandrite. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 86-90. </ref> At this time his confessor, Fr. Liverii, introduced him to the practice of [[hesychasm]]. He also met St. [[Seraphim of Sarov]], who had just emerged from forty years of seclusion. <ref> AMG:FAM
Fr. Makarii left Kostroma in 1824, apparently out of a desire for the [[cenobitic]] life, coupled with frustration over his administrative role. He eventually settled in the Glinsk Hermitage in Putivl village, near Kursk. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 40-42; 90-93. </ref> There he conceived of the idea of becoming a missionary to Siberia.<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 43-45; 96. </ref>
:"...the first really exemplary Orthodox mission organization."."<ref> Quoted in AMG:FAM p. 2.</ref>
[[Russian Revolution ]] essentially destroyed this network of communities.Also of note was the 1904 Burkhanist movement, a native Altaian religious movement which arose in opposition to Christianity and Russian rule.
* Various letters. The most complete collection is said to be that of Konstantin Vasil'evich Kharlampovich, who edited a volume containing 305 letters, arranged by recipient: ''Letters of Archimandrite Makarii Glukharev, Founder of the Altai Mission, with a Biographical Sketch, Portraits, Views, and Two Facimiles.'' [Pis'ma Arkhimandrita Makariia Glukhareva, osnovatelia altaiskoi missii, s biograficheskim ocherkom, portretami, vidom, i dvumia faksimile.] Kazan, 1905.<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 5, 72. </ref>
Kharlampovich, Konstantin Vasil'evich, and James Lawton Haney (translator and editor). ''Archimandrite Makarii Glukharev--Founder of the Altai Mission.'' Edwin Mellon Press, 2001. (Volume 6 in the series ''Studies in Russian History''.) Here cited as AMG:FAM.
Links== [http:/ /www.stmakarii.org St. Makarii of the Altai Foundation] (in Russian)