Blessed [[Archimandrite]] '''Makarii Glukharev''' (1792-1847) was Russian [[ hieromonk]] who founded the Altai mission in 1830. In the year 2000, the [[Russian Orthodox Church]] glorified him as a [[saint]] (''prepodobnyi'') .
née Mikhail--was born [[October 30]], 1792 in Viaz'ma (Smolensk Province), to parents Iakov and Agafiia. He also had a younger brother, Aleksei.<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 72-73. </ref>
His father being a [[priest]], Mikhail studied at ecclesiastical schools in Smolensk, then enrolled in the [[St. Petersburg Theological Academy|St. Petersburg Academy]], where he studied from 1813 to 1817. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 73-76. </ref> At this time he met his future spiritual father, [[Philaret (Drozdov) of Moscow|Filaret]], later Metropolitan of Moscow. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 76-77. </ref> He also developed an interest in the [[Philokalia]];<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 39-47; 78-79. </ref> the writings of Protestant mystics such as Jung-Stilling and Johann Arndt;<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 35-39; 77-79. </ref> Quakerism;<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 29,79. </ref> and the [[Russian Bible Society]].<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 12-21. </ref>
In 1818 Makarii (as he was now called) was [[tonsure]]d as a [[monk]], [[ordination|ordained]] as a priest, and enrolled at the [[Monastery of the Kiev Caves|Lavra of the Caves]] in Kiev. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 81-86. </ref> In 1821, he transferred to Kostroma Seminary, where he received the rank of archimandrite. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 86-90. </ref> At this time his confessor, Fr. Liverii, introduced him to the practice of [[hesychasm]]. He also met St. [[Seraphim of Sarov]], who had just emerged from forty years of seclusion. <ref> AMG:FAM
Fr. Makarii left Kostroma in 1824, apparently out of a desire for the [[cenobitic]] life, coupled with frustration over his administrative role. He eventually settled in the Glinsk Hermitage in Putivl village, near Kursk. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 40-42; 90-93. </ref> There he conceived of the idea of becoming a missionary to Siberia.<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 43-45; 96. </ref>
In 1829 Fr. Makarii's application to become a [[missionary]] priest to Siberia was accepted, and he left for Tobolsk. The following year he moved to Biisk as superior of a new Altai mission.<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 97-101.</ref> His work there fell under the authority of Tobolsk Archbishop Evgenii Kazantsev (who served in that capacity from 1825 to 1831),<ref> AMG:FAM p. 97 n. 59. </ref> and then Archbishop Afanasia Protopov. <ref> AMG:FAM p. 107. </ref>
At first Fr. Makarii and his several companions made Biisk their central mission station. In 1831 they relocated to Maima, a village to the south whose location offered various advantages. In 1835 the central station was moved to nearby Ulala (present-day
Ngorno-Altaisk).<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 105-106. </ref>
Fr. Makarii's first convert was one Elesk, an Ulala native who received the [[baptism|baptismal]] name of Ioann. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 106-107. </ref> According to his records, Fr. Makarii made a total of 675 converts, and baptized 1,047 children (of which 764 were native Altaian and 283 Russian). <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 141-142. </ref>
In 1844, Fr. Makarii finally departed the Altai, leaving newly-ordained Fr. Stefan Vasil'evich Landyshev as his successor. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 140-141. </ref> He died in Bolkhov on [[May 18]], 1847.<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 179-182. </ref>
* ''Elementary Doctrine for People Studying the Books of the Holy Bible.'' Unpublished, composed c. 1842. In two parts: Part One introduced the Cyrillic alphabet, Part Two introduced key prayers and scriptural verses. The work was rejected for publication on similar grounds as the above.<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 155. </ref>
* Miscellaneous translations into the Altaian language, including
most of the New Testament, various prayers, a catechism, etc. These were revised by native collaborators. Fr. Makarii also compiled a comparative dictionary of Altaian dialects.<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 118-121.</ref>
* Unpublished translations of [[Gregory the Theologian]], [[Augustine of Hippo|St. Augustine]], [[John Climacus|John of the Ladder]], and other Church Fathers from Greek into Russian. <ref> AMG:FAM pp. 92. </ref>
* Various letters. The most complete collection is said to be that of Konstantin Vasil'evich Kharlampovich, who edited a volume containing 305 letters, arranged by recipient: ''Letters of Archimandrite Makarii Glukharev, Founder of the Altai Mission, with a Biographical Sketch, Portraits, Views, and Two Facimiles.'' [Pis'ma Arkhimandrita Makariia Glukhareva, osnovatelia altaiskoi missii, s biograficheskim ocherkom, portretami, vidom, i dvumia faksimile.] Kazan, 1905.<ref> AMG:FAM pp. 5, 72. </ref>
Kharlampovich, Konstantin Vasil'evich, and James Lawton Haney (translator and editor). ''Archimandrite Makarii Glukharev--Founder of the Altai Mission.'' Edwin Mellon Press, 2001. (Volume 6 in the series ''Studies in Russian History''.) Here cited as AMG:FAM.