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Philip II of Moscow

41 bytes added, 00:17, May 13, 2009
After a short interlude, however, Ivan the Terrible persisted with committing murders under the aegis of Oprichnina. Ivan saw the Oprichnina as a form of a monastic brotherhood, serving God with weapons and military deeds. The Oprichniki were required to dress in monastic garb and attend long and tiring church services, lasting from 4 to 10 o'clock in the morning. From church they went to the [[trapeza]], and while the Oprichniki ate, the tsar stood beside them. The Oprichniki gathered leftover food from the table and distributed it to the poor at the doorway of the [[Refectory|trapeza]]. The pseudo-monasticism of Ivan the Terrible, a most grievous oppression over Russia, tormented St Philip, who considered it impossible to mix the earthly and the heavenly, serving both the [[Cross]] and the sword.
After the metropolitan publicly refused to bless Ivan's massacre of Novgorod, he was arrested during a [[liturgy]] at the [[Dormition Cathedral (Moscow Kremlin)|Cathedral of Dormition ]] and immured at the Otroch Monastery of Tver. In November 1568, the tsar summoned the [[Holy Synod]], which had Philip deposed.
A year later, he was strangled by the tsar's minion, Malyuta Skuratov. As if aware of his approaching death, Philip had asked to receive [[communion]] three days earlier. At first, his [[relics]] were committed to the earth there at the monastery, beyond the church [[altar]]. Later, they were transferred to the Solovetsky Monastery (on [[August 11]], 1591) and from there to Moscow (July 3, 1652). In 1652, [[Nikon of Moscow|Patriarch Nikon]] persuaded Tsar Alexis to bring his relics to Moscow, where he was proclaimed a [[saint]] later that year.

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