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Jonah of Moscow

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[[Image:Hierarchs of Moscow.JPG|frame|right|Synaxis of the Hierarchs of Moscow]]Our father among the [[saint]]s '''Jonah''' (+ 1461?), also '''Jonas''', was the Metropolitan of Moscow and of All Russia between 1448 and 1461. He is also called the Wonderworker. He was [[metropolitan]] during the times that the princes of Moscow gained influence and power at the same time the Church of Constantinople fell under the rule of the Ottoman Turks. The Church remembers him on [[March 31]] and [[June 15]], the [[Translation (relics)|translation ]] of his relics on [[May 27]] and as a member of the [[Synaxis of the Hierarchs of Moscow]] on [[October 5]] .
==Life==
Saint Jonah was born in the city of Galich into a pious Christian family. The date of his birth is not known. His father was named Theodore. He was [[tonsure]]d as a [[monastic]] in one of the Galich monasteries when he was only twelve years old.
In the late 1420s, Jonah transferred to the [[Simonov Monastery (Moscow)|Simonov Monastery]], where he again fulfilled various obediences for many years. He was close to Metropolitan [[Photius of Kiev|Photius]], who consecrated him [[Bishop]] of Ryazan and Murom. After Photius died in 1431, Grand Prince Vasili II (the Sightless) nominated Jonah for the position of [[metropolitan]] of Moscow, a position that required confirmation by the Patriarch of Constantinople, [[Joseph II of Constantinople|Patriarch Joseph II]]. Jonas was delayed in his journey to Constantinople until the end of 1435 by Vasili's war with the appanage princes
In the meantime, Isidore of Kiev had already been established as Metropolitan of Moscow by the Ecumenical Patriarch. After initially being accepted in Moscow and promising Vasili to be true to Orthodoxy, Isidore traveled, in 1438, to Florence, Italy to attend the [[Council of Florence]]. During the council, Isidore supported [[Catholicism]] and the re-unification of the Eastern and Western Churches. After returning to Moscow, as a papal legate, he substituted in the liturgy the name of the Pope in place of the name of the Patriarch. He was arrested immediately, but escaped and fled to Rome, where he died in 1462.
Confusion broke out among the Tatars, and they fled in terror. In his courtyard, St Jonah built a church in honor of the Placing of the Robe of the Most Holy Theotokos to commemorate the deliverance of Moscow.
Metr. Jonah reposed in the year 1461. In 1472, the incorrupt [[relics]] of Metr. Jonah were uncovered and moved to a place in the [[Dormition Cathedral (Moscow Kremlin)|Dormition Cathedral]] in the Moscow Kremlin. In 1547, a local council of the Russian church established the commemoration of Jonah, Metropolitan of Moscow, as a [[saint]]. In 1596, St Jonah was added by Patriarch Job to the Synaxis of the Moscow Hierarchs.
==Sources==
{{start box}}
{{succession|
before=[[Isidore the Apostate]]|
title=[[List of primates of Russia|Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia]]|
years=1448-1461|
[[Category:Bishops]]
[[Category:15th-century bishops]]
[[Category:Patriarchs of Moscow]]
[[Category:Russian Saints]]
[[Category:Saints]]
[[Category:Wonderworkers]]
[[Category:15th-century saints]]

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