name= Patriarchate of Moscow[[Image:Russia logo.gif|center|Church of Russia]]|founder= [[Apostle Andrew]], St. [[Vladimir of Kiev]]|
independence= 1448 |
recognition= 1589 by [[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]] |
[[Alexei II (Ridiger) of Moscow|Patriarch Alexei II]]|
territory=Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, some former Soviet republics|
possessions= United States, Canada, Great Britain, Australia, China|
website=[http://www.mospat.ru/ Church of Russia]
The '''Church of Russia''', also referred to as the '''Moscow Patriarchate''', is one of the [[autocephalous]] Orthodox churches, ranking fifth after [[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]], [[Church of Alexandria|Alexandria]], [[Church of Antioch|Antioch]], and [[Church of Jerusalem|Jerusalem]]. It exercises [[jurisdiction]] over Orthodox Christians in Russia and the surrounding Slavic lands as well as [[exarchate]]s and patriarchal representation churches around the world. It also exercises jurisdiction over the autonomous [[Church of Japan]] and Orthodox Christians in China. The Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia
is currently His Holiness [[Alexei II (Ridiger) of Moscow|Alexei II]].
During this time, the Russian Church was divided into fifty-eight dioceses, with a bishop at the head of each. These bishops were divided into three metropolias. They were in Kiev, Moscow, and St. Petersburg.
the Russian Church===
Early in the 20th century the Russian Church began preparations for convening an [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|All-Russian Council]]. But it was to be convened only after the 1917 Revolution. Among its major actions was the restoration of the patriarchal office in the Russian Church. The Council elected Metropolitan [[Tikhon of Moscow]] Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus' (1917-1925). St. Tikhon of Moscow exerted every effort to calm the destructive passions kindled up by the revolution.