==Second All-American Council==
The second council was also held at St. Tikhon's Monastery in South Canaan from [[October 19]]-21, 1971. The council adopted the revised Statutes for the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) which was based upon the short constitution adopted at the council in 1970. The Statutes specified convening an All-American Council every two years. The council also welcomed into the OCA the Albanian Orthodox Archdiocese led by Bp. Stephen (Lasko).
==Third All-American Council==
==Sixth All-American Council==
The sixth council was held in Detroit, Michigan, on [[November 9]]-14, 1980. Discussions and deliberations for this Council were held under the theme of ''Orthodoxy, America, and The Future''. The council amended the Statutes to admit women as delegates at All-American Councils. The council also revised the Statutes to schedule convocation of the All-American Councils every three year instead of every two years. The council also expressed support for Abp [[Valerian (Trifa) of Detroit|Valerian
]] (Trifa), bishop of the [[Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America (OCA)|Romanian Diocese]] of the OCA, who was defending himself against accusations of being a Nazi war-criminal. At the council the Synod of Bishops announced the formation in 1981 of the [[Diocese of Washington (OCA)|Diocese of Washington (DC)]] as the see for the Primate of the OCA. The council was also advised of the established in 1978 by the Synod of Bishops of the [[Diocese of the South (OCA)|Diocese of the South]].
==Seventh All-American Council==
==Ninth All-American Council==
The ninth council was held in Saint Louis, Missouri on [[August 20]]-25, 1989. The discussions and deliberations of the council were under the theme of ''The Orthodox Church in America: Reflecting on the Past, Planning for the Future''. The ninth council reflected a change in the format for sessions by reverting back to plenary sessions only. The council noted the retirement of Fr. Daniel Hubiak who had been the Chancellor of the OCA since he succeeded Fr. [[Joseph J. Pishtey II|Joseph J. Pishtey]] after he died on November 2, 1972. The council also noted that the newly appointed chancellor was Fr. Robert Kondratick.
==Tenth All-American Council==
==Thirteenth All-American Council==
The thirteenth council was held in Orlando, Florida on [[July 21]]-26, 2002. The theme for the council was: ''The Parish Community: Our Life in Christ''. The principal business of the council was the election of a new Metropolitan to succeed Metr. [[Theodosius (Lazor) of Washington|Theodosius (Lazor)]], who had voluntarily retired because of reportedly poor health. While Bp. [[Seraphim (Storheim) of Ottawa|Seraphim of Ottawa and Canada]] received
a majority of votes on the first ballot, the election proceeded to a second vote by the Synod of Bishops since the majority of two thirds for election was not met. The Synod of Bishops selected Abp. [[Herman (Swaiko) of Washington and New York|Herman]] (Swaiko) of Philadelphia as the new Metropolitan.
In the first ballot there were 267 votes for Bishop Seraphim, 141 for Archbishop Herman, 52 for Bishop [[Job (Osacky) of Chicago]], 47 for Archbishop [[Nathaniel (Popp) of Detroit]], 47 for Bishop [[Nikolai (Soraich) of Sitka]], 45 for Archbishop [[Dmitri (Royster) of Dallas]], 12 for Bishop [[Basil (Essey) of Wichita|Basil (Essey)]], 2 for Archbishop [[Kyrill (Yonchev) of Pittsburgh]], 3 for Bishop [[Tikhon (Fitzgerald) of San Francisco and Los Angeles|Tikhon (Fitzgerald) of San Francisco]], 1 for Bishop [[Nikon (Liolin) of Boston|Nikon]], 3 for Fr. [[Michael Dahulich]] , 2 for [[Philip (Saliba) of New York|Metropolitan Philip]], 2 for Fr. Eugene Tarris, 2 for [[Demetrios (Trakatellis) of America|Archbishop Demetrios]], 2 for Fr. Irinej Dobrijevich, 1 for Fr. Christopher Calin , 1 for Fr. Vladimir Wendling, 1 for Bishop Nicholas, 1 for Archimandrite [[Tikhon (Mollard) of Philadelphia|Tikhon]], 1 Hierodeacon Yakov, and 9 invalid ballots.
In the second ballot there were 473 votes for Bishop Seraphim, 223 for Archbishop Herman, 151 for Bishop Job, 107 for Bishop Nikolai, 94 for Archbishop Nathaniel, 73 for Archbishop Dmitri, 32 for Bishop Basil (Essey) , 19 for Fr. [[Alexander Golitzin]], 18 for Bishop Nikon, 16 for Bishop Tikhon, 15 for Fr. Michael Dahulich , 12 for Archbishop Kyrill, 8 for Metropolitan Philip, 5 for Archbishop [[Peter (L'Huillier) of New York]], 5 for Fr. Irinej Dobrijevich, 5 for Archimandrite Tikhon, 3 for Archbishop Demetrios, 3 for Fr. Vladimir Wendling, 2 for Fr. David Brum, 2 for Fr. Eugene Tarris, 2 for Bishop Dimitrios, 2 for Fr. Basil Summer, 1 for Bishop Nicholas, 1 for Fr. Christopher Calin, 1 Hierodeacon Yakov, 1 for Fr. James Paffhausen, 1 for Dr. Albert Rossi, and 1 for Fr. Ireney Rochon.
==Fourteenth All-American Council==
==Fifteenth All-American Council==
The 15th All-American Council, took place at the Hilton, in Pittsburgh, PA, November 10-13, 2008. The
Council trailed a financial scandal that had been slowly emerging since 1993, and resulted in the early retirement of the Most Blessed [[Herman (Swaiko) of Washington and New York| Metropolitan Herman ]] in September. Chief tasks of the council were to pick a new primate for the OCA, and to restore confidence in the financial accountability of the church.
Auxiliary Bishop [[ Jonah ( Paffhausen) of Washington and New York| Jonah ( Paffhausen)]] of Fort Worth was chosen by the Synod of Bishops since the majority of two thirds vote for election was not met by anyone. His Grace Jonah did receive a majority of votes on the first and second ballots. There were 635 voting dedicates, 310 clergy and 325 lay dedicates, making 424 votes needed for a first round, two thirds, majority.
On the first ballot, the two leading candidates were
Bishop Jonah, with 233 votes, and Archbishop [[Job (Osacky) of Chicago|Job of Chicago]], with 212 votes. On the second ballot, Bishop Jonah received 473 votes and Bishop Job 364. Their names were given to the other bishops for selection.
On the previous night, the Synod of Bishops took questions about the financial scandal. The newly consecrated Bishop Jonah gave answers that drew attention for their forthright admission of wrongdoing at church headquarters and explained of how bishops are supposed to lead.
Among the reports and talks during the council were [[
Archbishop Nathaniel] ’s update on the Romanian Orthodox Episcopate in America, Special Investigating Committee reports and recommendations. Much of the Council’s activity could be observed with the internet through a [http://www.oca.org/15aac page on the OCA’ website], and on podcasts of [http://ancientfaith.com/specials/oca15aac Ancient Faith Radio] .
*[http://oca.org/Docs.asp?ID=187&SID=12 Anticipation: An All-American Council of repentance, healing, renewed life, and reinvigorated mission] Anticipation of the 15th All-American Council
*[http://oca15aac.wordpress.com 15th All-American Council blog]
[[Category:Orthodoxy in America]]