The Orthodox Christian '''Archdiocese of Byblos and Botris (Mount Lebanon)''' is one of the nineteen [[archdiocese]]s of the [[Church of Antioch]]. The archdiocese traces its establishment to apostolic times when both Byblos and Botris were separate [[diocese]]s.
During the following centuries the Orthodox population in the area of the present archdiocese increased periodically as the result of turmoil caused by wars in the Eastern Roman empire, the Crusades, and invasions by Mamluks. These demographic changes contributed eventually to the Mount Lebanon area coming under the jurisdiction of the [[Archdiocese of Beirut|Archdiocese of Beirut and All Lebanon]].
The next move toward a separate archdiocese for Mount Lebanon occurred when a request was made to the [[Holy Synod]] of the Antiochian [[patriarchate]] after the repose of [[Metropolitan]] Gabriel (Shatila). In November 1901, Holy Synod separated the Mount Lebanon area from the Archdiocese of Beirut and formed the Archdiocese of Byblos and Botris (Mount Lebanon). Archimandrite Paul (Abou Adal) was elected archbishop of the new archdiocese.
::Paul (Abou Adal) 1901 to 1929
::Elyia (Karam) 1929 to 1969
::George (Khodr) 1970 to Present