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Church of Alexandria (Coptic)

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By some accounts there are about 60 million Coptic Orthodox Christians in the world: they are found primarily in Egypt (roughly 15 million), Ethiopia (roughly 38 million []), and Eritrea (roughly 2 million), but there are significant numbers in North America, Europe, Australia, Sudan and Israel, and in diaspora throughout the world making approximately another 3 to 4 million. However, as applied to the [[Church of Ethiopia|Tewahedo Church of Ethiopia]], which in 1959 was granted her first own Patriarch by Coptic Pope [[Cyril VI (Atta) of Alexandria|Cyril VI of Alexandria]], the word ''Coptic'' can be considered a misnomer because it means ''Egyptian''. The [[Church of Eritrea|Eritrean Orthodox Church]] similarly became independent of the Tewahedo Church during the 1990s. These three churches remain in [[full communion]] with each other and with the other [[Oriental Orthodoxy|Oriental Orthodox]] churches.
Since the 1980s theologians from the the Oriental Orthodox and Chalcedonian Orthodox churches have been meeting in a bid to resolve the theological differences, and have concluded that many of the differences are caused by the two groups using different terminology to describe the same thing (see [[Agreed Official Statements on Christology with the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches]]). In the summer of 2001, the Coptic Orthodox and Greek Orthodox Patriarchates of Alexandria [[Pastoral Agreement between the Coptic Orthodox and Greek Orthodox Patriarchates of Alexandria (2001)|agreed]] to mutually recognize baptisms performed in each other's churches, making rebaptisms unnecessary, and to recognize the sacrament of marriage as celebrated by the other. Previously, if a Coptic and Greek wanted to marry, the marriage had to be performed twice, once in each church, for it to be recognized by both. Now it can be done in only one church and be recognized by both.
In the Coptic Church only men may be ordained, and they must be married before they are ordained, if they wish to be married. In this respect they follow the same practices as does the [[Orthodox Church|Eastern Orthodox Church]].
The Coptic Orthodox Church also has her own distinguished Coptic art [], []; iconography [], [], []; and architecture [], [].
==Coptic Orthodox churches around the world today==
*See [[Coptic Orthodox Church in Africa]]
*See [[Coptic Orthodox Church in Asia]]
===Australia and Oceania===
*See [[Coptic Orthodox Church in Australia]]
*See [[Coptic Orthodox Church in Europe]]
===North America===
*See [[Coptic Orthodox Church in the United States]]
*See [[Coptic Orthodox Church in Canada]]
===South America===
*See [[Coptic Orthodox Church in South America]]
==Some Coptic saints==
[[Image:Coptic luke.jpg|thumb|right|250px|A fragment of the [[Gospel of Luke]] written in the Coptic language.]]
'''''Note:''' Some of these are not saints on the Chalcedonian calendar.''
*[[:Category:Coptic interpretations of the Fourth Ecumenical Council]]
*[[Heritage of the Coptic Orthodox Church]]
*[[The French Coptic Orthodox Church]]
*[[British Orthodox Church (Coptic)]]
==External links==
* [ Official Website of HH Pope Shenouda III]* [ Official Website of Coptic Orthodox Diocese in the Midlands & Affiliated Regions U.K.]* [ Coptic New Testament in Sahidic and Bohairic with Unicode Coptic CharactersPope]
* '''Video - Christianity in Egypt and the History of Coptic Monasticism:'''
**[ Christianity in Egypt];
* [ The MA Program in Coptic Studies at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia]
* [ Coptic Website in France, Autor Mikhail David]
* [ Official Website of Coptic Orthodox Diocese in the Midlands & Affiliated Regions U.K.]
[[Category:Oriental Orthodox|Alexandria]]
[[Category:Coptic Orthodox Church]]
[[Category:Jurisdictions|Alexandria (Coptic)]]
[[ar:كنيسة قبطية أرثوذكسية]]
[[fr:Église d'Alexandrie (copte)]]
[[ro:Biserica din Alexandria (coptă)]]

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