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Presbyter

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clarified widow priest not remarrying
{{Template:Clergy}}
The '''''Presbyter''''' is, in the second (of three) degree of the [[Biblemajor orders]], a synonym for ''of [[bishopclergy]]'' (''episkopos''), referring to a leader in local Church congregations. In modern usage, it is distinct from ''bishop'' and synonymous with '''''priest'''''. Its literal meaning in Greek (''presbyteros'') is "elder."==Holy orders==Through the sacrament of [[ordination|holy ordersOrthodox Church]], an ordination to priesthood is performed by the below [[bishop. But this requires the consent of the whole people of God, so at a point in the service, the congregation acclaim the ordination by shouting ]] and above [[Axiosdeacon]]! (''He is worthy!'').
Orthodox priests are divided into two distinct groupsThe word 'presbyter' is, in the [[Marriage|marriedBible]] , a synonym for ''[[clergybishop]]'' (Gr: επίσκοπος - ''episkopos''), and [[monastic]] clergyreferring to a leader in local Church congregations. In However, since at least the Orthodox Church a married man may be ordained to the priesthood. His marriagesecond century, however, must be the first for both him it has been understood as distinct from ''bishop'' and his wifesynonymous with '''''priest'''''. He may not remarry and continue Its literal meaning in his ministry even if his wife should dieGreek (Gr: πρεσβύτερος - ''presbyteros'') is "elder. "
If ==Ordination==Through the sacrament of [[ordination|holy orders]], an ordination of a single man deacon to the priesthood is performed by the bishop. This is done during the Divine Liturgy, immediately following the Great Entrance, showing that the newly-ordained, he must remain monastic priest is to retain be involved in the consecration. The congregation will acclaim his service. A priest-monk ordination by shouting Axios (he is called a [[hieromonk]]worthy).
==MinistryVestments==It is Church doctrine that the [[clergy]] must strive to fulfill the grace given to them with the gift The full vestments of the "laying on of hands" in priest are the most perfect that they can. But the Church teaches that the reality and effectiveness of sticharion, the [[sacraments]] of the Churchepitrachili (stole), ministered by the presbytersbelt, do not depend upon personal virtue, but upon the presence of Christ who acts in his Church by the Holy Spirit. The same as with bishops, it is Christ, through his chosen ministers, who acts as teacher, good shepherd, forgiver, and healer. It is Christ remitting sinsepimanikia (cuffs), and curing the physicalphelonion - when not serving at Liturgy, mental and spiritual ills of mankind. The a priest is an icon of Christmay wear fewer vestments, but at least his stole.
Priests normally exercise the function The sticharion is a long-sleeved tunic, worn by all degrees of pastors of parishesclergy, a function which was normally done by that reaches all the way to the bishops in early timesground. They are rectors It reminds the wearer that the grace of the local congregations Holy Spirit covers him as with a garment of Christianssalvation and joy. They preside at It has sleeves that are designed to be tucked under the celebration cuffs, unlike those of the liturgy deacons (and teach, preach, counsel minor orders) which are heavier and exercise designed to be worn over the ministries of forgiveness and healingcuffs.
The epitrachili (stole - lit. 'around the neck') is the principal vestment of a priest, and without it he cannot serve.
 
The epimanikia (cuffs) are worn around the wrists, tied by a long cord, and are also worn by bishops and deacons. They serve the practical purpose of keeping the inner garments out of the way during the services. They also remind the wearer that he serves not by his own strength but with the help of God.
 
==Duties==
A priest ministers to the people of God in the stead of the bishop. This includes:
*Celebrating the Divine Liturgy;
*Celebrating services of the daily cycle (e.g. matins, vespers, etc);
*Celebrating baptisms, marriages, funerals and any sacraments of the Church.
 
Usually, a priest will
*Hear confessions. In some jurisdictions, this is allowable immediately; in others, being a confessor is something a bishop invites a priest to undertake.
 
A priest may be assigned as [[proistamenos|rector of a parish]], a position that will include pastoral ministry, preaching and administration; or may be assigned to be an assistant priest, a position that includes helping to shoulder the pastoral responsibilities, as requested by the rector.
 
It should be noted that a priest's conduct does not inhibit the grace of God acting through them. Christ is the one who gives grace, merely using his ministers as 'conduits' to the people.
 
===Allowances===
Priests are permitted to wear a cassock; this is done as a sign of his suppression of his own tastes, will and desires, and his canonical obedience to God, his bishop and the liturgical and canonical norms of the Church. Priests are also permitted to wear the exoraso (or ryassa). In the Russian tradition, all priests are able to wear the pectoral cross; in other traditions, all priests are able to wear the kalimafhi in services. In jurisdictions that utilise clergy shirts, priests generally wear a clergy shirt with collar.
 
During services of the daily cycle, the priest is vested in an exoraso (or ryassa) and stole, and tradition varies as to whether he vests with cuffs, and how often/long he wears the phelonion. During the Liturgy (and when preparing to celebrate the Liturgy), the priest is vested in his full liturgical vestments.
 
In addition, to complete his duties, the priest is permitted to touch the Table of Oblation, the Altar, and to move through the Royal Doors.
 
===Restrictions===
Since the presbyters are assigned by the bishop and belong to the specific congregations they have no authority or services to perform apart from their bishop and their own particular parish community. On the [[altar table]] of each parish, there is the cloth called the [[antimension]] signed by the bishop, which is the permission to the community to gather and to act as the Church. Without the antimension, the priest and his people cannot function legitimately.
Initially, each local congregation in the Church had its own bishop. Eventually, as the Church grew, individual congregations no longer were served directly by a bishop. The bishop in a large city would appoint a presbyter to pastor the flock in each congregation, acting as his delegate.
== Modern usage Married and Monastic priests==Orthodox priests are divided into two distinct groups, [[Marriage|married]] [[clergy]], and [[monastic]] clergy. In the Orthodox Church a married man may be ordained to the priesthood. His marriage, however, must be the first for both him and his wife. He may not remarry, and he must continue in his ministry even if his wife should die.  If a single man is ordained, he must remain celibate to retain his service. This is often done alongside the candidate taking monastic vows, becoming a [[hieromonk]] or priest-monk. == Contemporary practise==
The [[Orthodox Church]] often refers to presbyters in English as ''priests'' (''priest'' is etymologically derived from the Greek ''presbyteros'' via the Latin ''presbyter''). This usage is seen by some Protestant Christians as stripping the [[laity]] of its rightful priestly status, while those who use the term defend its usage by saying that, while they do believe in the ''priesthood'' of all believers, they do not believe in the ''eldership'' of all believers.
Priests are often styled as ''the Reverend'' (Rev.) and therefore referred to as ''the Reverend Father'' (Rev. Fr.). Higher in bestowed honor and responsibility, [[Archpriest]]s and [[Protopresbyter]]s are styled as ''the Very Reverend'' (V. Rev.), while [[Archimandrite]]s can be styled as ''the Very Reverend'' (V. Rev.) or as ''the Right Reverend'' (Rt. Rev.). It is also appropriate and traditional to refer to a clergyman as "the Priest ''Name''" or "Archpriest ''Name''". This latter practice is especially prominent in Churches with Slavic roots, such as the [[Church of Russia]] or the [[Orthodox Church in America]].
The [[Monasticpresbytera|wife of a priest]]s who will also have a special title, usually in the language of the jurisdiction of her husband. ===Rankings of priests===Sacramentally, all priests are equal. However, they are ordained ranked and serve by seniority according to the priesthood date of their ordination. Just as with bishops and deacons, there are known as ''distinctions of administrative rank among priests. A non-monastic priest can be bestowed the honour of Archpriest or Protopresbyter, while a monastic priest-monks'' can be given the honour of Archimandrite or ''hieromonks'', in the Slavic traditions, Igumen. In the Russian Orthodox Church, an archpriest can be awarded the mitre, making him a Mitred Archpriest.
== Sources ==
*[[w:Priest|Priest]] on Wikipedia
==Further reading==
* Christos S. Voulgaris (Prof. of New Testament Studies, Dean of the School of Theology of the Univ. of Athens). ''[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/priesthood_voulgaris.htm The Sacrament of Priesthood in the Holy Scriptures].''
[[Category:Clergy]]
  [[Categoryfr:Priests|*Prêtre]][[mk:Презвитер]]
[[ro:Preot]]
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