King David prefigures our Lord [[Jesus Christ]] in numerous ways. He was the Lord's Anointed One, or Messiah, a now title applied almost exclusively to [[Jesus Christ|Christ]]. Also, David was a shepherd before he was called to be king; likewise, Christ used herding imagery often in his earthly ministry, as in the Parables of the Good Shepherd, of the Lost Sheep, and of the separation of the sheep and the goats at the [[Last Judgment]]. When David was fleeing from Saul, he was an illustration of the Suffering Servant, most famously described in [[Isaiah]] 53; afterwards, though, he became the victorious king, gaining control over all Israel and defeating its enemies with ease. David’s story is mirrored by Christ's persecution by the Jews and [[Crucifixion]], followed by his glorious [[Pascha|Resurrection]] and his eventual [[Second Coming]]. David's humble origins and the fact that he was the least imposing son of Jesse when Samuel anointed him also parallel Christ's humble earthly status.
Furthermore, David consistently relied on the Lord and thus served as a model king. The Scripture accounts regarding David go out of their way to show his sense of fairness and justice. For example, David rewards all of his men equally, even those too exhausted to continue the chase, after his great victory over the Amakelites (1 Sam 30:23). This episode may be seen as reminiscent of Christ's Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard ([[Matthew]] 20). He refused to ever touch his adversary King Saul, was furious about the rape of Tamar, and lamented the death of his rebellious son Absalom, whom he had ordered that no one injure, etc.
===As forefather of Christ===