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Biblical Odes

262 bytes added, 14:08, January 15, 2011
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#The Prayer of [[Isaiah]] ([[Book of Isaiah|Isaiah]] 26:9-20)
#The Prayer of [[Jonah]] ([[Book of Jonah|Jonah]] 2:2-9)
#The Prayer of the [[Three Holy Children]] ([[Book of Daniel|Daniel]] 3:26-56])<ref>In many Protestant versions of the Bible, this is found separately in the [[Deuterocanonical BooksDeuterocanon|Apocrypha]].</ref>
#The Song of the Three Holy Children (Daniel 3:57-88)<ref>Ibid.</ref>
#The Song of the [[Theotokos]] (the ''[[Magnificat]]'', [[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] 1:46-55); the Song of [[Zacharias]] (the ''[[Canticle of Zachary|Benedictus]]'', Luke 1:68-79)
 Originally, these odes were chanted in their entirety every day, with a short refrain inserted between each verse.  Eventually, short verses ([[troparion|troparia]]) were composed to replace these refrains, a process traditionally inaugurated by Saint [[Andrew of Crete]].<ref>[[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia|Ware, Kallistos]], ''The Festal Menaion'' (Faber and Faber, London, 1969), p. 546.</ref> Normally the second ode is omitted owing to its severe nature. The most notable exception to this is in the [[Great Canon|Great Penitential Canon]] of St. [[Andrew of Crete]] which is chanted during [[Great Lent]]. Gradually over the centuries, the verses of the Biblical Canticles were omitted (except for the ''Magnificat''), and only the composed troparia were read, linked to the original canticles by an [[irmos]]. During [[Great Lent]], however, the original Biblical Canticles are still read.
==Notes==
[[Category:Hymnography]]
[[Category:Scripture]]
 
[[ro:Ode biblice]]
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