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[[Image:phelonion-back.jpg|thumb|right|Example of the back of a phelonion.]]
The '''phelonion''' (plural, ''phelonia'') is a liturgical vestment worn by a [[priest]] over his other vestments. It was originally a sort of poncho, with a round hole in the middle for the head, and falling to the feet. In its present form, the front is largely cut away (from about the waist down) to facilitate the priest's movements. The use of the phelonion is not limited to the [[Divine Liturgy]] but is specified for any major liturgical function. It is roughly equivalent to the Western [[chasuble]].
A [[bishop]] who wishes to serve a Divine Liturgy as a priest (''i.e.'', without the special rites and prayers of the Hierarchical Divine Liturgy) will sometimes vest in a phelonion instead of his [[sakkos]], but with the [[omophorion|small omophorion]] around his neck.
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