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An '''All-Night Vigil''' (Greek: ''Agrypnia'', "without sleeping"; Slavonic: ''Vsenoshnoe Bdenie'') is a combination of multiple services whose makeup varies significantly according to regional and local tradition. In the Byzantine tradition, the service lasts through the night, consisting of the entire liturgical cycle, culminating in the [[Divine Liturgy]]. In Slavic tradition, it does not last all night but normally includes [[Vespers]] (or [[Great Compline]]), [[Orthros]] and the [[Hours|First Hour]], and it is the standard Saturday evening service. When the Vigil is celebrated, the particular [[rubrics]] for its constituent services are altered.
One of the unique characteristics of the Vigil is that [[Vespers|Small Vespers]] (different from both Daily and Great Vespers) is served earlier in the evening (usually this service is only done in cathedrals and monasteries, however). This practice originated so that the monks could observe a shorter form of vespers at the canonical time (sunset), have their evening meal, and the later begin the All-Night Vigil (which includes the fuller form of Vespers). Additionally, the inclusion of the Litia and Artoklasia has as its purpose the sustenance of the faithful as they attend a service which may last eight or more hours through the night, when done in the full traditional manner.
In Byzantine practice, the All-Night Vigil includes Great [[Vespers]] including [[Litia]] and [[Artoklasia]], [[Orthros]], the First Hour, Third Hour, and Sixth Hour, followed by the [[Divine Liturgy]]. If the Divine Liturgy is celebrated immediately, the First through Sixth Hours may be omitted.
Because of its great length, the All-Night Vigil is rarely celebrated in [[parish]]es, but it is done in some places, especially for major [[feast day]]s. It is commonly celebrated in [[monastery|monasteries]], however, especially for the [[Great Feasts]] and the patronal feast of the community.
In Russian practice, the All-Night Vigil is the standard Saturday evening service and usually consists of [[Vespers]], [[Orthros]], and the [[Hours|First Hour]]—though on certain feasts, it includes [[Great Compline]] instead of Vespers. In [[parish]]es, Vigils are less strenuous than those conducted in the [[monastery|monasteries]], but the structure remains the same. The Vespers often contains a [[Litia]] with the blessing of the bread—this is always the case on [[Great Feasts]].
The differences between the more rigorous practice and general parish practice are that the latter contains some abbreviations, while the former is usually chanted to slower melodies and also includes additional readings that are done at certain places in the service. A less rigorous practice is to stop the Vigil after the First Hour, then to resume with the Third and Sixth Hours the following morning, followed immediately by the liturgy. In the more rigorous practice, the Hours continue without such a break.
== External links ==
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/vigil.htm The All-Night Vigil, as a Reader Service]
*[http://saintjonah.org/rub/ Rubrics for the Vigil (Old Calendar)]
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/rub/vigiltools.htm Handy Tools for the Vigil]
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/liturgics_averky_e.htm#_Toc104768050 The All-Night Vigil, from ''Liturgics'', by Archbishop Averky]
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/liturgical_rubrics_1.htm#_Toc70898613 Liturgical Instructions for the Vigil]
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/typikon_1.htm#_Toc82138511 Abbridged Typikon: Vigil]
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/vigil_v_potapov.htm The All-Night Vigil, by Fr. Victor Potapov]
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