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The term '''''jurisdiction''''' refers to a given ecclesiastical entity and its [[parish]]es.
Traditionally and canonically, all the parishes in a given region are governed by one [[bishop]]. ''Jurisdiction'' is used particularly in those areas where this traditional order has been upset and multiple ecclesiastical entities claim parishes in overlapping territories. Thus, it is a term of distinction which exists mainly because of an uncanonical situation, but has also come to refer generally to self-governing churches whose territories do not suffer from canonical disorder.
== History ==
As the 19th century passed into the 20th emigration of people from traditionally Orthodox areas increased, bringing mixes of Orthodox Christians of different ethnic and nationalistic leanings into traditionally non-Orthodox areas, the so-called [[diaspora]]. While attempts were made to form a single new canonical [[episcopate]] in these countries, notably in North America, each ethnic group relied on their home church for support.
== See also == * [[List of autocephalous and autonomous churches]]* [[Standing Conference of the Canonical Orthodox Bishops in the Americas]]