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Macarius (Sokolović) of Peć

64 bytes added, 03:52, May 17, 2007
{{english}}Our father among the [[saint]]s '''Makarije (Sokolović) of Pec''' (also ''also Macarius;'' ; Serbian: '''Свети Макарије Патријарх Српски''') was the Serbian Patriarch [[patriarch]] from 1557 to 1570/71. His feast is [[August 30]],/[[September 12]], together with Patriarchs St. Kirilo and St. Nikon.
== Life ==
He was born in village of Sokolovići near Višegrad. The Grand Vezir grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed-Paša Sokolović, was either his brother or first cоusin. The two of them, as a boys, were sent to Mileševa [[Monastery]], to prepare for the [[priest]]hood. Bajo, later Mehmed-Pasha , was gathered as part of the [[w:|devshirmeh]] (''tribute-in-blood''). Makarije stayed in the monastery. He later left Mileševa and traveled to [[Mount Athos]] , where he later was named [[igumen]] of [[Chilandari Monastery (Athos)|Hilandar Monastery]]. He was raised to the rank of [[archimandrite]]. He was consecrated [[bishop]] a few years before the re-establishment of the Serbian Patriarchate.
There is a some question as to whether he was he the first Patriarch patriarch after the re-establishment of the patriarchate. In ''Pećko Skazanije'', it is written that before him Patriarch Nikanor (1550-1557) was the first patriarch. Other sources state that Sultan Suleiyman, the Magnificent, approved re-establishment of the Peć Patriarchate.
Makarije's official title was: '' Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of Serbs and Bulgarians''. The inclusion of the Bulgarians was due to the fact that some [[diocese]]s in Bulgaria were part of the Peć Patriarchate. This was done, certainly, with the help of Mehmed. Patr. Makarije reorganized the Serbian Churchchurch, established new dioceses, and rebuilt many monasteries. The Turkish Governmentgovernment, which was led by his brother, recognised him as etharch, mylet-pasha, and leader of the Serbian Nationnation.
Church courts had almost full jurisdictional power over Christians, similar to that of the [[Ecumenical PatrirchatePatriarchate]]. During his tenure , ten new dioceses were created , and several important monasteries were rebuilt. Most important among them was Banja Monastery. Makarije opened many schools in inside these monasteries. When he grew old , he appointed his nephew, Metropolitan Antonije of Herzegovina, as his successor in 1570/1. The [[Holy Synod]] on its , during a session in Banja Monastery , approved this decision.
St. Makarije died in September 1574. Soon after his death he was glorified. The Very Right Reverend Professor Radoslav Grujić said that St. Makarije was the most important among the primates of the [[Church of Serbia]] after [[Sava of Serbia|Saint Sava]].
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title=[[List of Patriarchs of Serbia|Patriarch of Serbia]]|

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