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Only Arsenius's date of birth, 1698, is known. He had a younger brother, Andrija, who was a [[priest]] and a sister who married Prince Atanasije Rašković.
Arsenije was consecrated [[bishop]] in 1722 at a very young age. He was appointed Metropolitan of Novi Pazar and was the successor to Patriarch Mojsije. Patr. Mojsije enthroned Arsenius himself on [[February 18]]/[[February 29|29]] in 1725.
Arsenius continued the policies of his predecessors. He traveled extensively and negotiated with the Austrians in order to liberate his people from Turkish rule. When the Turkish-Austrian war broke out, the Serbs rebelled against Turks. Turks wanted to capture and kill Patr. Arsenius, but he escaped. After the Austrians were defeated, Patr. Arsenius escaped to Austria with many refugees. After the peace treaty was signed the Turks retained Belgrade Vylayet and the Grand Porta appointed a new patriarch in Peć, Joanikije III Karadža, a Greek from Constantinople.
governmant continued to recognized Arsenius as the patriarch and gave him administration of the Karlovci Metropolitanate, a position in which he had difficulties maintaining Serbian privileges. Patr. Arsenius died on [[January 7]]/[[January 18|18]] 1748 in Karlovci.