As Jews, it was natural for Jesus and His followers to use the synagogues, and to continue to so do after His [[crucifixion]] and [[resurrection]]. With the defeat in the year 70 of the Jewish community and the destruction of the Temple during the first Jewish-Roman war the situation changed. The only leadership group within Judaism that survived were the [[Pharisees]], a group that had opposed Jesus. In organizing a new religious center in Jamnia, the Pharisees made changes that were intended to separate the Christian Jews from those who followed the Pharisees. As the efforts increased to exclude the Christian Jews from participating in the synagogues for worship, the conflict between the two groups intensified.
The ramifications of this conflict are noted three times by [[John the Theologian|John]] in his Gospel in reference to being “put out of the synagogue” (aposynagogos) (Jn 9.22, 12.42, and 16.2 (KJV)). As the Romans respected Judaism as an old traditional religion, the exclusion of the Christian Jews marked them as [[heretic]]s and under Roman law a new cult that must be viewed with suspicion. Although the Christians thought of themselves as heirs of the Jewish tradition, they were placed on the path of using their own places of worship, the [[domus ecclesia]].