His Eminence '''Arsenije III Crnojević''' (also ''Arsenius''; Serbian: '''Аесеније III Црнојевић''') was the [[Patriarch]] of Peć (1672-1691). He was one of the most significant figures of Serbian national and Church history. He was also the first [[autonomous]]
Metropolitans of the Serbian people in Austria-Hungary (1690-1706).
== Early life ==
He was born in Cetinje
, c. 1633. He was a member of a minor branch of the famous Crnojevići noble family. In the past his surname has been written and pronounced ''Čarnojević'', from Russian use.
Arsenije came to Peć as a boy and later was [[tonsure]]d
, and [[ordain]]ed [[deacon]] and [[priest]]. In his early years he was elected [[archimandrite]] of Peć Monastery in 1665. When Patriarch [[Maximus I of Pec|Maksim]] suffered a stroke, Arsenije was elected for [[Metropolitan]] of Hvosno and coadjutor of the patriarch. He was [[Consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] bishop by the metropolitans of a patriarchal [[synod]] on the [[Feast]] of the [[Ascension]], 1669. In the same year, he visited Dečani Monastery in the patriarch's name. When it was clear that patriarch's condition would not improve, Arsenije was elected patriarch in 1672, probably between [[Easter]] and Ascension.
== Patriarch ==
The next year, the new patriarch visited the Serbs in the
coastlands who were under Venice. He met the [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholic]] archbishop of Bar Andrija Zmajević, who was Serbian, in order to contact European powers for the protection of Christians under Turkish rule. He also visited his flock in Bosnia in 1674 , in Braničevo and Srem in 1676. The following year he was in Žiča Monastery, than Braničevo; again, he also visited Smederevo in 1680. All these visitations were in order to give spiritual support to the Serbian people. In 1682 Arsenije decided to make a [[pilgrim]]age to Jerusalem. Before leaving he visited Metropolitan of Skoplje Teofan and bishop Ananija of Karatovo.
When he arrived in Jerusalem, Arsenije was the guest of the famous Patriarch of Jerusalem,
Dositeus Notarios (1669-1707). When he was in the Holy Land, Arsenije kept a journal.
After arriving home, he found his people in the middle of the [[w:Great Turkish War|Great Turkish War]].
He was forced to leave Peć because Turks tried to kill him. He came back after Austrians captured Peć. Under great presure of the Austrians he was forced to call all Serbs to join the Austrian army. About 20,000 Serbs joined the Austrian army, but the Serbs and Austrians were defeated near Skoplje in the winter of 1689. The patriarch, with 90,000 people started retreating . Emperor [[w:Leopold_I%2C_Holy_Roman_Emperor|Leopold I]] proclaimed an edict on [[August 21]] in which he gave the Serbian people and their Church special privileges. They populated military frontier as Austrian soldiers .
== In Austria ==
From the beginning
he had many problems under Austrian rule. Hungarian nobility, Catholic [[clergy]], and German officers were all hostile toward Serbs, but the wise patriarch saved his people from Catholic [[proselytism]]. He established relations with Russian court.
Patriarch Arsenije died in Vienna on [[October 27]]. He advised his bishops to
reestablish broken relations with Patriarch of Peć. Soon the Metropolitanate of Karlovci was formed as autonomous unit of the Serbian Orthodox Church.
before=[[Maximus I of Pec|Maksim]]|
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Serbia|Patriarch of Serbia]]|
[[Category:Patriarchs of Serbia]]