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Ethics in Canon Law
Patristic examples of ethical exhortations abound. St. [[John Chrysostom]] concludes most of his [[homily|homilies]] with such considerations. For example, ''Homily 22'' on the [[Gospel]] of St. [[Apostle John|John]] says, "it is impossible, though we perform ten thousand other good deeds, to enter the portals of the Kingdom without alms-doing." In ''Homily 60'' he concludes, "Considering all these things, and how much good we shall work both to those within the prison, and to ourselves, by being continually mixed up with them, let us there spend the time we used to spend in the market-place." St. Basil, in his ''Letter 42'', to Chilo, his [[disciple]], gives this advice: "Among all, with whom you come in contact, be in all things a giver of no offence, cheerful, 'loving as a brother,' pleasant, humble-minded, never missing the mark of hospitality through extravagance of meats, but always content with what is at hand." These are only examples of the teachings which can be found in the writings of the [[saint]]s, both in the early years of the Church and in our times.
==Ethics in [[Canon Law]]==
Canon law also shows a number of examples for [[clergy]] and [[laity]] alike. The apostolic canon number 27 says, "If a [[bishop]], [[presbyter]], or [[deacon]] shall strike any of the faithful who have sinned, or of the unbelievers who have done wrong, with the intention of frightening them, we command that he be deposed. For our Lord has by no means taught us to do so, but, on the contrary, when he was smitten he smote not again, when he was reviled he reviled not again, when he suffered he threatened not." Canons 42 and 43 show that the expectations made of the clergy are not different from those of the laity. Thus, canon 42 reads: "If a bishop or presbyter, or deacon, is addicted to dice or drinking, let him either give it over, or be deposed." This is followed immediately by, "If a [[subdeacon]], [[reader]], or [[cantor|singer]] commits the same things, let him either give over, or be [[excommunication|excommunicated]]. So also laymen." Many other indications about the Christian way of life can be found in the canons of the Church.
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