The holy, glorious, right-victorious martyr and right-believing King
St. '''Oswald of Northumbria''' (c. 604-[[August 5]], 641/642) was the king of Northumbria (Northern England) from 633 or 634 until his death. The son of Æthelfrith of Bernicia, King of Northumbria, he is best remembered as a Christian [[martyr]]. His [[feast day]] is [[August 5]].
Oswald won some successes against the British to the north, but the primary concern of his reign was Northumbria's conflict with the rising power of Mercia under Penda. He was killed by the Mercians at the Battle of Maserfield in 641 or 642, and his body was dismembered by the [[paganism|pagan]] Penda. ([[Bede]] says that Oswald died in the thirty-eighth year of his age.) Oswald's head and limbs were placed on stakes, but according to legend, one of his arms was taken by his pet raven and dropped on a tree. The people quickly came to regard Oswald as a [[martyr]] and [[saint]]: a holy well of healing was said to have sprung up at the spot where the arm had landed, and the site soon became known as [[Oswestry]], or "Oswald's Tree." His holy [[relics]] now reside with those of Ss. Aidan and [[Cuthbert of Lindisfarne|Cuthbert]] in the cathedral at Durham, England.
Category : Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Saints]][[Category: Emperors and Kings]]