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Alexis van der Mensbrugghe

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'''Alexis van der Mensbrugghe''' (1899-1980) was a [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholic]] [[Rule of St. Benedict|Benedictine]] [[monk]] [[conversion|convert]] to Orthodox Christianity who worked to establish a Gallican liturgical rite as an [[archbishop]] in of the [[Church of Russia]].
==Life==
Archbishop Alexis van der Mensbrugghe was born in Belgium in 1899. He became a Roman Catholic Benedictine monk in a [[monastery]] at Amay-sur-Met. In April 1929, he was received into the Orthodox Church by Metr. [[Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris|Eulogius of Paris]]. When the Western Church's [[St. Denys Theological Institute (Paris, France)|St Denys Theological Institute]] opened in Paris, Archim. Alexis occupied the chair of Patristic Theology and Ancient Liturgies while he remained in the Eastern rite.
 
Archim. Alexis became associated with the group led by [[Jean-Nectaire (Kovalevsky) of Saint-Denis|Evgraph Kovalevsky]] under the Church of Russia that was working to restore a Gallican liturgical usage based on correspondence of the sixth century Bishop of Paris St. [[Germanus of Paris|Germanus]]. The rite became known as the [[Divine Liturgy according to St Germanus of Paris]]
 
Archim. Alexis was consecrated a [[bishop]] of the Church of Russia's episcopate on [[November 1]], 1960, with the title of Bishop Meudon, [[auxiliary bishop]] of the then West European Exarchate, while he continued his Western Rite work under the auspices of the Moscow Patriarchate.
 
Archbishop Alexis reposed in 1980.
==Writings==
*''From Dyad to triad: A Plea for Duality Against Dualism and an Essay Towards the Synthesis of Orthodoxy'' (London, 1935)
*''La liturgie orthodoxe de rit occidental: Essai de restauration'' (Paris, 1948)
*''L'Expositio missæ Gallicanæ, est-elle de Saint Germain de Paris, d. 576?'' (Paris, 1959)
*''Missel orthodoxe de rit occidentale Gallican et Italique'' (Paris, 1962)
 
==See also==
*[[Orthodox Church of France]]
*[[Western Rite in the Twentieth Century]]
 
==Sources==
*W. Jardine Grisbrooke, “Obituaries: Archbishop Alexis van der Mensbrugghe” in ''Sobornost'' 4.2 (1981), 212-216.
*[[Wikipedia:Western Orthodox Church]]
*[http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/Liturgy/Abramtsov.html A Brief History of Western Orthodoxy]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
[[Category:Western Rite]]
[[Category:Converts to Orthodox Christianity from Roman Catholicism|Van der Mensbrugghe]]
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