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'''anaphora''' (Greek ἀναφορά for "offering up"), although in the West it is also called the "
" the "Canon of
Mass" (or "eucharistic
"), or the "Great Thanksgiving."
==The Structure of the Anaphora==
Despite some variety in the structure of early anaphoras, the “Antiochene” or “West Syrian” pattern that is found in the liturgies of St John Chrysostom, St Basil, and St James, took shape by 400 CE. It contains the following eleven elements in the order given, exemplified with the corresponding text of the anaphora of St John Chrysostom.
1. The '''opening dialogue''' between the presider and the assembly, beginning “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, ….”
2. The '''preface''', which is invariable
West but called
Eastern liturgies, sets forth the governing idea of
– thanksgiving. “It is meet and right ….”
3. The '''pre-Sanctus''' is the transition from the preface to the Sanctus.
4. '''Sanctus''' (Latin for “Holy”) refers to the thrice-Holy hymn of victory: “Holy! Holy! Holy! ….”
[[Book of Isaiah|Isaiah]] 6: 1-5)
5. The '''post-Sanctus''' continues the thanksgiving of the preface, but with particular focus on the Incarnation: “With these blessed powers….”
6. The '''institution narrative''' recounts Christ’s institution of the Eucharist at the Last Supper: “… who, when he had come and fulfilled all the dispensation for us, in the night in which he was given up….” The narrative includes his words over he bread and wine – “This is my body…” and “This is my blood….”
7. The '''anamnesis''' is
recalling before God of the saving acts of Christ: “Remembering this saving commandment and all those things which have come to pass for us: the Cross, the Tomb, the Resurrection on the third day, the Ascension into heaven, the Sitting at the right hand, and the second and glorious Coming.”
8. The '''
''' of the sacrifice to God: “Thine own of Thine own we offer unto Thee, on behalf of all and for all.”
9. The '''[[epiclesis]]''' is the calling down of the Holy Spirit on the Gifts to transform them into the Body and Blood of Christ.
10. The '''intercessions''' begin with the commemoration of the saints, including the singing of the Megalynarion, followed by intercessions for the living and those who have fallen asleep
11. The '''doxology''' is the concluding praise of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit that precedes the Amen of the people.
*R.C.D. Jasper and G.J. Cuming, ''Prayers of the Eucharist: Early and Reformed'', third ed. Liturgical Press, 1987. ISBN 0814660851
*Casimir Kucharek, ''The
-Slav Liturgy of St John Chrysostom: Its Origin and Evolution''. Alleluia Press, 1971
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